SESSION OF 1906-7
HUNTINGTON, W. VA.
SESSION OF 1905-6
M T W
8 9 10
15 16 17
22 23 24
29 30 31
T W T F
T W T
2 3 4
PART L— OFFICERS.
State Board of Regents 6
Local Executive Board 6
Faculty and their Assignments 7
Standing Committees 11
Of Special Interest 12
A Bit of Marshall History 15
PART II.— BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SCHOOL .. 1
PART III.— GOVERNMENT OF THE SCHOOL
State Board 20
Executive Board 21
PART IV*— ADMISSION 23
PART V, —NORMAL DEPARTMENT.
Model School 26
Training School 36
Normal Course of Study ." 40
PART VI. —ACADEMIC DEPARTMENT AND NOTES ON ALL
THE COURSES OF STUDY.
Ancient Language Course 41
Modern Language Course 42
Science Course 44
Teachers' Review Course 45
Notes and. Explanations on the Different Courses of Study ... 46
PART VII.— MUSIC DEPARTMENT.
Voice ' 61
PART VIII.— DEPARTMENT OF EXPRESSION 65
PART IX.-ART 67
PART X.— expenses.
Enrollment Fee 71
Details Concerning Board.
Club Board 73
Board in College Hall 76
Private Board 89
Cooperative Board 89
Keeping House 89
PART XL— GENERAL REGULATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS.
PART XII.— PRIZES, REWARDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS.
Awarded, Session of 1905-'06 101
To be Awarded, Session of 1906-'07 101
PART XIII.— STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS 104
PART XIV.— SOME ADVANTAGES 108
PART XV. -ATHLETICS 118
PART XVI. —THE FACULTY— THEIR EXPERIENCE AND
PREPARA TION FOR TEACHING 120
PART XVII.— STUDENTS' NAMES 123
STATE BOARD OF REGENTS.
HON. THOS. C. MILLER, State Supt. of Schools,
Charleston, W. Va. — President.
HON. F. W. NESBIT, Attorney-at-Law,
Wheeling, W. Va. — Secretary.
HON. IRA E. ROBINSON, Attorney-at-Law,
Grafton, W. Va.
HON. E. L. DUNN, Business Man,
Bargers Springs, W. Va.
HON. S. H. BOWMAN, Attorney-at-Law,
Philippi, W. Va.
HON. ELLIOTT NORTHCOTT, Attorney-at-Law,
U. S. District Attorney, Huntington, W. Va.
HON. ROBT. S. CARR, Business Man,
Charleston, W. Va.
LOCAL EXECUTIVE BOARD.
CAPT. A. F. SOUTHWORTH, R. R. Engineer,
Huntington, W. Va. — President.
PAUL W. SCOTT, Attorney-at-Law,
Huntington, W. Va.— Secretary.
GEORGE F. MILLER, Cashier First Nat'l Bank,
Huntington, W. Va. — Treasurer.
ACADEMIC AND NORMAL.
L. J. CORBLY, Principal,
German and Psychology.
MRS. NAOMI EVERETT, First Assistant,
French and Literature.
MISS ANNA CUMMINGS,
Superintendent of Teachers Training Department.
MISS LILIAN HACKNEY,
W. M. MEREDITH,
MISS HARRIET D. JOHNSON,
Greek and Latin.
J. A. FITZGERALD,
G. M. FORD,
Civics and History.
B. F. WILLIAMSON,
R. J. LARGENT,
English and History.
MRS. FRANCES CALDWELL,
English and Mathematics.
MISS FRANCES BURGESS,
Political and Physical Geography.
MISS VIRGINIA RIDER,
W. H. FRANKLIN,
German and Rhetoric.
Language and Science.
MISS DELIA BRAKE,
E. E. MYERS,
MISS GRACE CUMMINGS,
MISS ANNA CUMMINGS, Principal.
MISS VERGIE JOHNSON,
Grades V and VI.
MISS ELIZABETH FERGUSON,
Grades III and IV.
MISS MINNIE OGDEN,
MISS EVA HEIRONIMUS,
MISS DAINTY CRAIG,
Drawing and Color.
MISS HELEN TUFTS,
MRS. NAOMI EVERETT,
MISS ESTHER CROOKS,
MRS. C. E. HAWORTH,
MISS RHODA CRUMRINE,
Head Piano Teacher.
MISS MARY SHARP,
First Assistant in Piano.
MISS HELEN RANDALL,
Second Assistant in Piano.
MRS. BERTHA ROTH WALBURN,
MISS EVA FLING
MISS FANNIE CANTERBURY,
MRS. C. E. HAWORTH,
MRS. B. R. WALBURN,
MR. GEORGE BAGBY,
MR. AUBURN CARTER,
DEPARTMENT OF EXPRESSION,
MIS8 LUCIE BROWN.
E. E. MYERS, Principal,
MISS DAINTY CRAIG, Assistant.
MRS. ELIZABETH MYERS.
MRS. LAURA J. MEANS.
MISS MABEL CASSADY.
For details concerning the Faculty, their experience and their
preparation for their work, see pages 120, 121 and 122.
CLASS OF 1907.— Mr. Ford and Miss Johnson.
CLASS OF 1908.— Mr. Williamson and Miss Burgess.
CLASS OF 1909.— Mr. Largent and Mrs. Caldwell.
CLASS OF 1910. — Mr. Franklin and Miss Rider.
CLASS OF 1911. — Mrs. Everett and Miss Hackney.
LIBRARY. — Mrs. Myers and Miss Cummings.
BOARDING. — Mr. Fitzgerald and Miss Johnson.
GRADUATION. — Miss Hackney and Mr. Fitzgerald.
INTER-SOCIETY CONTEST.— Messrs. Franklin and Largent.
ADVISORY TO LITERARY SOCIETIES.-iMessrs. Largent and Frank-
lin and Miss Hackney.
SENIOR EXERCISES.— Class Officers, Class 1907.
JUNIOR EXERCISES.— Class Officers, Class 1908.
STUDENT SOCIALS.— Mrs. Everett and Mrs. Means.
CARE OF GROUNDS. — Messrs. Williamson and Franklin.
ATHLETICS. — Messrs. Ford, Fitzgerald and Largent, Miss Hackney
and Mrs. Caldwell.
PUBLIC EXERCISES.— Mr. Corbly, Mrs. Everett, Miss Cummings and
All public exercises of whatever kind, which are held under the
auspices of the school, in any department, must be passed upon by
DINING ROOM. — Misses Cassady, Hackney and Johnson.
GOVERNMENT.— Mrs. Means and Mrs. Everett.
HOUSE. — Misses Johnson and Hackney and Mrs. Means.
OF SPECIAL INTEREST.
With the opening of the fall term, 1906, the new building,
facing 140 feet on Sixteenth street and 101 feet on Third avenue will
be ready for occupancy. This adds the following to our school con-
A Commencement Hall with inclined floors, both stage and main
floor, a commodious gallery, and large dressing rooms for both ladies
and gentlemen. The seating capacity of this hall, which is built after
the plan of a theater, having foot lights, curtain space, and pros-
cenium, is about 1,500.
A Study Hall of commodious size and centrally located on second
A library, consisting of a stack and reading room, 44 x 33 feet, a
Librarian's Office, 15 x 16 feet, and a Document Room 31 x 20 feet.
Principal's Reception Room.
Eight large Recitation Rooms.
Two large and two small Toilet Rooms.
Two large Laboratories, one especially commodious.
Fire-Proof Vault for records.
As a result of the completion of this new building all rooms in the
three most eastern sections of the series that make up the college
block of buildings will be given up to dormitory purposes, thus gain-
ing several new rooms for girls.
The school property at Marshall College is now valued at $260,000;
it includes sixteen acres near the center of the city and a block of
well-finished, well-furnished, and well-equipped buildings, five in all,
fronting 400 feet north and south, 140 feet west, and 55 feet east, a
splendid and imposing structure. See pages 108, 109 and 110.
NEW COURSES OF STUDY.
With this issue of the catalogue the courses of study appear in
decidedly modified forms. The normal course has been made more
professional, while the academic course has been elaborated into three
courses, the ancient language course, the modern language course, and
the science course. These last three courses are considerably stronger
than the old academic course, four years of Latin, three of Greek,
three of German, three of French, taking the place of three, two, two,
and two years respectively of these languages; considerable science
and mathematics have also been added.
There is greater freedom of choice allowed in selecting studies,
than formerly, and more liberty of substitution.
The class of 1907 will graduate under the old or the new courses
as they may choose; but all classes after 1907 will graduate under the
See pages 26 to 56, inclusive, for full details concerning courses
There being no data of the alumni corrected to date it was de-
cided to omit the Alumni Record from this issue of the catalogue and
issue an Alumni Booklet some time within the coming year, a record
that will be worthy of the Alumni Association of the school. Com-
mittees have been appointed to collect and correct the data neces-
sary for this record.
THE TRAINING DEPARTMENT.
At the beginning of the new school year we shall be able to offer
every advantage belonging to an up-to-date training school and model
department. Four handsome rooms house the children. These rooms
are furnished with everything necessary for the most advanced work,
and will be in charge of teachers who have been carefully trained
for their positions.
All of the grades will be carried, with a chance for practice work
The art work in the model school ranks with that furnished in
the best public schools in the country. The entire work of the model
school is carried on under the direct supervision of the superintendent
of the training department.
These opportunities will be fully appreciated by the young
teachers of the state who are fast discovering that amateur teaching
is no longer aceptable and that they must meet the demand of the
times or fall in the ranks. Since, in the near future, only those
teachers who are fitted and trained for their profession will be able
to secure good positions, we have felt the necessity of providing for
this condition, and have therefore established and fully equipped a
department which cannot fail to meet the most rigid demands. See
pages 36 to 39.
FACULTY FOR 1906-'07.
The only changes in the teaching force of the school for the ses-
sion of 1906-'07 from that of 1905-'06 are the following:
Mrs. Haworth resigns from the head of the Voice Division of
the Music Department and will be succeeded by a gentleman if one
can be found to suit. The principal is in the east at the time of the
completion of this catalogue negotiating for a successor to Mrs.
Some changes will be made in the assistants to Miss Crumrlne,
Piano Division, Miss Sharp having decided to complete her studies
There is one change in the Model School teaching force and only
Miss Dainty Craig, assistant in the Art Department, resigns and
is succeeded by Miss Daisy Tench, of Virginia.
GROWTH OF THE SCHOOL.
The growth of the school during the session of 1905-'06 exceeded
every expectation. This growth was not confined to numbers simply,
although in that respect it was unprecedented, having run close to the
1,000 mark; but the field of influence of the school has now extended
to practically every county in the state, and to a number of other
states, including in its patronage many of the best citizens of the
The growth has been very marked, also in the literary, social,
religious, professional, and academic features of the school. The
"school spirit," the "class spirit," the spirit of loyalty and good fel-
lowship, the educational spirt, have developed till each can be relied
upon as a factor that will contribute to the larger life and wider
sphere of usefulness to which Marshall College is destined to attain
in the near future.
The ladies' dormitory, known as "College Hall," has long since
failed to meet boarding requirements for the ladies of the school.
Attention will be directed especially to the dormitory needs of the
school for the next few years. Meantime, young ladies wishing room
in College Hall for all or any part of the session of 1906-'07 should
engage (and "engage" means to pay for) room at once, for nothing
like the number of calls for rooms that come to us each year can be
accommodated. "First Paid, First Served" is the only rule we can
adopt. See pages 76 to 89 for details about board in College Hall.
A BIT OF MARSHALL HISTORY UNEARTHED BY HON. VIRGIL
A. LEWIS JUST AS WE GO TO PRESS.
MARSHALL COLLEGE SIXTY-TWO YEARS AGO.
The following Editorial is copied from the "Kanawha Republican"
of May 21, 1844, published at Charleston, Va .— now West Virginia.
"We availed ourselves of the opportunity, while in the vicinity a
few days ago, to visit Marshall Academy. It is most delightfully sit-
uated near the bank of the Ohio, about two miles below Guyandotte.
The building is brick, and is a good one, occupying a beautiful
eminence in a grove of luxuriant forest trees, passed by the turnpike
leading from Guyandotte to Sandy. The summer session had just
commenced. There were already in attendance more than thirty
scholars, male and female — and a more interesting company of youth
we have never seen — their countenances beaming with intellect and
the ardent desire for the acquisition of knowledge. Of the qualifica-
tion of the Principal to train the youthful mind to learning and virtue,
the communication above [that following this] we doubt not, does no
more than justice. The citizens of that portion of Cabell have in this
institution a treasure, which they should appreciate and cherish, all of
not less value than their luxuriant, fertile and productive farms. They
are amply able, and we hope they have the correct view of the infinite
importance of rightly educating the rising generation, and the proper
public spirit not only to sustain this school but greatly to extend its
In the same Paper is a communication signed "B," who writes as
follows, of Marshall Academy — now Marshall College:
This institution (a short distance below Guyandotte, Cabell Co.),
has been sustained for several years past. It has been under the
government of several able teachers, but the late examination of the
students by the Principal and board of trustees has established the
high qualifications of the Rev. J. B. Poage, the Principal, as efficient
as ever had the government of that Academy. A large school was
examined upon the courses of studies they had pursued for the last
session; and in all the branches of a common English course of in-
struction, Latin, and several branches of mathematics and vocal music,
they evidenced an acquaintance and familiarity that could alone be
produced by a thorough application, aided by one capable of giving
instruction. It is worthy of remark, that Mr. Poage employs a short
time each day instructing his school in singing. No man could be
better qualified, as was shown from the rendition of appro-
priate pieces that were sung during the day — and as we
otherwise see, by the improvement in church music when he attends
Divine Service at the Academy.
The exercises of the evening were closed by an interesting ad-
dress from the Rev^ Mr. Case of Kentucky, worthy of the man and the
The school is unquestionably the cheapest of the kind in the West
of Virginia, in a healthy moral neighborhood; and the course of in-
struction for preparing young men for entering college, or completing
a useful education, is very superior, and therefore worthy of the
public patronage." "B."
LEADING FACTS OF THE SCHOOL'S
1. Established In 1837.
2. First name, "Marshall Academy."
3. Named for Chief Justice John Marshall of the Supreme Court of
the United States.
4. First building erected on the site of the east wing of the present
5. Changed from an academy to a college in 1858, and the name
changed accordingly from "Marshall Academy" to "Marshall
6. Made the "State Normal School" of West Virginia in 1867, the
name "Marhall College" being retained by legislative enact-
7. Five branch schools to "Marshall College" established between
the years 1867 and 1871 at Fairmont, Shepherdstown, Concord
Church (now Athens), West Liberty, and Glenville.
8. Constitutional amendment passed in 1871 prohibiting the estab-
lishing of any more "branch" normals.
9. A new $38,000 building, erected in 1874, which, completely over-
hauled and remodeled in 1899, constitutes the west wing of the
10. A second building, $27,000, erected in 1895.
11. A third building erected in 1897, — the east wing of the present
12. A fourth building erected in 1899.
13. A fifth building, under process of construction at this writing,
May, 1906, to be ready for occupancy this summer — 1906.
14. Nucleus of a model school organized and placed under the In-
struction of Miss Mabel Brown in 1897, but discontinued in
1899 owing to lack of funds.
18 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
15. Model and teachers training school organized and placed under
the superintendence of Miss Anna Cumraings, January, 1902.
We are indebted to Hon. Virgil A. Lewis for unearthing; a few
weeks ago, the following bits of Marshall College history:
(Copied from the "Kanawha Valley Star" of Nov. 11, 1856.)
"Turning aside from the din of politics, we would take occasion
to call the attention of those who are interested in the subject of
education, to the excellent institution whose name heads this Article.
It is situated in a pleasant neighborhood, of easy access, on the Ohio
river, two miles below the pleasant town of Guyandotte, Cabell Co.,
"It has been in operation for some dozen years or more, and in
that short period very many of its scholars have become prominent
and leading men in the learned professions of law, physics, and
divinity; and many of them have risen to high official stations, civil
and military, not only in Virginia, but also in other States of the,
Union. Indeed, it is doubtful whether there is now an Institution in
the State, that, in so short a time has sent forth so large a proportion
of leading men.
"So much for the past of its short history. Its future is still
more promising. During the last Session there were nearly a hundred
students in attendance; and the high character won for the school, by
Mr. Boyers, the admirable and estimable teacher, at its head, is a
harbinger of still greater success and usefulness.
"The trustees, Messrs. John Laidley, F. G. L. Beuhring, P. C.
Buffington, Dr. G. Ricketts, and others are gentlemen whose names
give character and currency to whatever they may be connected with.
The Institution is further under the supervision and control of the
Southern Methodist Conference of Western Virginia. This gives
assurance that a moral and religious influence will breathe around it.
"Should any apprehend that sectarianism might, therefore, be in-
culcated, their fears will be quieted by the consideration of the fact,
that while the Institution is under the control of the Methodist Con-
ference, the principal of the Academy is a Presbyterian, thus show-
ing a liberality of sentiment worthy of Christianity, and a prudence
and propriety on the part of those connected with the Institution,
highly creditable to these different branches of the Church.
"Marshall Academy has many advantages, and it offers strong in-
ducements to the Public for its patronage.
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 19
"The course of study, the rules and regulations, tne privileges of
the library and literary and debating societies, the price of food and
tuition and such like, can be seen by reference to the printed Cata-
logue for 1856, or by addressing the Principal. The next Session
begins in November."
(An Editorial in Kanawha Valley Star, Nov. 11, 1856. Copied In
State Department of Archives and History, by Virgil A. Lewis, May 8,
"MARSHALL ACADEMY" BECAME "MARSHALL COLLEGE" IN
The following clipping refers to the issuing of the first catalogue
under the new name of the institution:
THE FIRST ANNUAL CATALOGUE OF
NOTICE FROM "KANAWHA VALLEY STAR," OF SEPT. 6, 1859.
"The First Annual Catalogue of Marshall College, Cabell County,
Virginia for the Collegiate Session of 1859-60, printed at the 'Southern
Methodist Itinerant Book and Job Office,' has been laid upon our table,
from which we see that the first Session of this Institution was to
have been opened on the 22nd of August, 1859, and continue ten
months — The Session will be divided into two terms of twenty weeks
"The expenses for tuition are very reasonable, the location a
beautiful one, and the faculty unsurpassed in Western Virginia."
STATE BOARD OF REGENTS.
TENURE OF OFFICE:— Marshall College, the state normal school
of West Virginia, and its five branches, are under the general super-
vision and control of a state board of regents, six in number, of which
board the state superintendent of schools is, ex-officio, president and
active member, thus making a board of seven members. This board
is appointed by the governor of the state for a period of four years,
the terms of three of them expiring every two years, thus practically
assuring three experienced members on the board all the time.
The office of state superintendent of schools is an elective one,
hence the president of the normal board is an elective officer, his
election occurring at each regular quadrennial state election.
POLITICAL COMPLEXION:— Politically the board is composed
of four members and the state superintendent, selected from the dom-
inant political party, and two from the minority party. The terms of
two members of the dominant and one of the minority party expire
every second year, thus leaving at least one experienced member of
the minority and two of the majority party on the board all the time.
At the present time in West Virginia the board stands, therefore, five
Republicans and two Democrats.
OFFICERS: — The officers of the state board are president and
secretary. As stated above, the state superintendent of schools is,
ex-officio, president; the secretary is chosen by the board from among
DUTIES:- Briefly put, the duties of the board of regents consist
of the following: ,
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 21
1. To decide upon the number of teachers, appoint them, remove
same for cause, and fix salaries.
2. To provide courses of study (or approve same when submitted
by the principals), select text books (or approve same when
selected by the principals).
3. To adopt by-laws, rules, and regulations for the government of
4. To appoint an executive board for the normal school and one for
each of its branches.
5. To perform all other duties necessary for the government, pro-
gress and development of these schools.
COMPENSATION:— The sum of $1,500 is appropriated for the
annual expenses, traveling and per diem, of the regents, and the secre-
tary is allowed $200 additional to his traveling and per diem expenses.
All or a part of the regents attend the annual commencements of the
normal school and its branches.
The law prescribes that the state board of regents "shall appoint
three intelligent and disinterested persons, residents of the county in
which the school is located, who shall constitute an executive com-
mittee for the care and immediate management and control of said
schools, subject to the rules and regulations prescribed by the board
It is the duty of these committees to make reports from time to
time concerning "the condition, workings, and prospects of said
schools," and "to do and perform such other duties in relation thereto
as the regents may prescribe."
All matters of discipline, so far as is possible, are referred to the
faculty; indeed the very healthful sentiment prevails with the board
that theirs should be a laissez faire policy in such matters until actual
necessity arises, which cases have been remarkably few in many
years at Marshall College, practically nil for a quarter of a century.
Aside from the fixing of salaries, the employing and removing of
teachers, and the fiscal affairs of the normal school and its branches,
the duties of conducting these schools are almost exclusively left to
the faculties, who have learned to appreciate their responsibilities and
not to worry either executive or state board with details except when
absolutely necessary. , Indeed this is so much the case at Marshall
College that we should feel humiliated were we compelled to be
making frequent appeals to higher authority, thus not only troubling
22 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
them but confessing our inability to cope with the situation within
the limits of the authority vested in us as a faculty.
Government at Marshall College may be said, without semblance
of boast or approach to exaggeration, to be reduced almost wholly to
self-government on the part of the student body; this is facilitated by
the appointment of various standing committees, some selected exclu-
sively from the faculty, some exclusively from the student body, and
some from both the student body and the faculty, the number, and
the nature of the duties of which, will be found under the head of
"Standing Committees," see "table of contents" in the front of this
It is a pleasure to record in this connection that it is matter of
almost universal comment among strangers and friends alike, that
the students of Marshall College are noted for their courtesy to
strangers, fellow students and faculty, their respect for authority, and
their thoughtfulness for their own good name and that of their school.
Suspensions seldom, very seldom occur, expulsions rarely, and
when they do, no cymbals are sounded, no public proclamations are
made, and no red flag is hung out to notify the school and the public,
stir up public comment, and add unnecessary, if not criminal, humilia-
tion to the expelled and his Or her parents and friends. Usually such
things are done without the knowledge of any one, at the time, except
the principal and the expelled one, and only by degrees do the facts
come to the notice of the school, sometimes not at all.
We have but little sympathy with that theory of punishment in
school life that has for one of its main objects the deterring of others.
Both law and reason, to say naught of charity and humanity, should
be satisfied with simple justice to the offender, especially if he or she
be young and unhardened to crime, hence worthy of every possible
effort to redeem him and to make him useful.
AGE: — The following are the age requirements for admission to
the different departments of the school:
Art Department, — no age limit.
Oratory Department, — no age limit.
Music Department, — no age limit.
Model Department, — from 5 years up.
Normal and Academic Departments, — males from 14 years up,
females from 13 years up.
Professional Department;— juniors and seniors taking the normal
course, those in the most advanced year of the Teachers Preparatory
Course, and those outside these classes who have already taught or
are mature enough to intelligently grasp the work and expect to teach.
RECOMMENDATION: — Every student who wishes to enter any
department of the school must first present to the Principal a letter
of recommendation for good moral character, reasonably studious
habits, at least ordinary intelligence, and willingness to comply with
all regulations of the school. This letter must be written by some
honorable and influential citizen not related to the applicant for ad-
mission. The name of the writer is entered on the records of the
school as the one who vouchee for the applicant. Said writer will be
duly and promptly notified in case the student recommended fail to
verify by his habits here, or by his intelligence, the correctness of the
assurances set forth in the recommendation.
CREDITS FOR WORK DONE ELSEWHERE:— Credit is given for
work done in any school of recognized standing and known thorough-
ness in the work it requires. The number and extent of these credits
of course depends on the course of study in said school, the teachers
under whom the work was done, and whether it covers the require-
ments here. The text book used and especially the school and educa-
tion and experience of the teacher under whom the work was done
24 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
are the items of importance to us when allowing credits. Correspond-
ence beforehand is always the safer plan for the applicant for credits
to adopt. Write the Principal of this school direct.
Those holding No. one county certificates issued under the new
law, also any experienced teacher holding a No. one certificate or its
equivalent, will receive credits on the following subjects, provided he
has made 90 per cent or above on these subjects, and provided further
that his work as student here indicates that his scholarship is of such
proficiency as will justify our giving these credits, and provided
finally, that our "Parallel Readings" requirements be complied with:
1. Written Arithmetic. 2. Mental Arithmetic. 3. Geography. 4. U. S.
History. 5. General History. 6. Penmanship. 7. Bookkeeping.
8. Physiology. 9. Orthography.
These credits merely excuse the applicant from pursuing these
subjects here in school, but do not excuse him from the final examina-
tions on Written Arithmetic, Mental Arithmetic, Geography, U. S.
History, English Grammar, and Orthography, nor do they excuse
him from the required readings on Geography and U. S. History, see
"Parallel Readings" on the pages following. Final examinations are
required only of those who are candidates for graduation, but "Par-
allel Readings" apply to all who ask for credits whether they graduate
Credits will not be given on Greek 'history, Roman history, and
English history, unless these subjects have been completed in a good
school, under a good teacher of history, in separate text books. The
work on these subjects in General history will not be accepted as
work on Greek, Roman, and English history. Our students are re-
quired to take texts on Greek, Roman, and English history.
Credits will be given on any other subject in the normal or
academic course whenever the applicant for credits can produce a
written statement from a school whose work can be approved. Blanks
are furnished applicants, who may send them to the schools where
the work was done, for filling out and signature. On receiving credits,
entry is made on our grade book stating where the accredited work
was done, so that, in case the applicant afterward prove deficient in
the subjects on which credits have been given, we may discontinue
that school as an accredited one, or refer the one who discovers the
imperfection to the records to show that the work was not done here.
No student, however, no matter how many credits he may have,
is permitted to graduate without having spent one full year at this
school, except by special permission of the state board, and this must
be his junior or senior year.
The "Final Examinations" in written arithmetic, mental arithme-
tic, geography, U. S. history, English grammar and orthography
referred to a few paragraphs above are by no means severe, except
the one in orthography (which is not a mere pastime). They are
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 25
brief, simple, straightforward, having in view merely the finding out
whether we could recommend those taking them, should occasion
arise, for positions of any kind, or to some higher institution. No
attempt is made to embarrass the applicant. If, however, the results
of these very simple examinations show that any applicant for senior
honors is seriously lacking in the fundamentals of these subjects,
some additonal work may be required; this would depend on how
serious the lack of knowledge on these subjects proved to be.
FEES: — The only fee required of West Virginia students for
entering the Normal and Academic departments is the "Enrollment
Fee," $2.00 per term, which is payable at the opening of each term,
fall, winter, and spring, and is never refunded, no matter how short
a time the student may remain in school. This fee is always payable
in advance and should be brought when the student presents himself
for enrollment, as it is the receipt for this fee which must be pre-
sented to the teacher before the student can enter his classes.
The fee for the summer term in the Normal and Academic depart-
ment is $5.00, payable in advance, and not returnable except in case
of continued and severe illness. The reason the fee for the summer
term is more than the fees for the other terms is because the in-
structors who have charge of the summer term are not salaried for
that term by the state, hence receive no remuneration for their ser-
vices except from this fee.
The fee for entrance to the Model department is the same, $2.00,
and is payable at the same time, in the same way, and under the
same conditions, as the fee for the Normal and Academic department.
The fees for entrance to the Normal and Academic, and to the
Model department, for the fall, winter, and spring terms, go to help
defray the current incidental expenses of the school, while the $5.00
fees payable at the opening of the summer term go to pay the teachers
for that term, they having no other source of remuneration for said
term, as stated above.
Students from other states who wish to enter the Normal and
Academic department for the fall, winter, and spring terms, pay, in
addition to the "enrollment fee" ($2.00 per term) a "tuition fee" of
$6.00 per term, thus making their total fees for these three terms
$8.00 per term; but they are admitted to the summer term on exactly
the same basis as students from West Virginia, $5.00.
For the amount of the fees in the departments of Art, Oratory,
and Music, see Parts.
THE NORMAL DEPARTMENT.
This department includes:
1. THE MODEL SCHOOL.
2. THE TRAINING WORK,
3. SCHOOL VISITING.
4. SIGHT READING IN MUSIC.
5. DRAWING AND COLOR WORK.
6. SPECIAL LECTURES. •
' 8. THE SEMINARIES.
9. THE NORMAL COURSE.
THE MODEL SCHOOL.
At a special meeting of the regents in December, 1901, it was
voted to open a training department, in connection with the work of
the Marshall College Normal School. ,
On January 1st, Miss Anna Cummings, was called from Stanford
University, California, to organize and take charge of this department.
For the remainder of that year the time was spent in arranging
for additional Normal classes and in laying the foundation for the
work of the coming year. A seminary in pedagogy was organized at
once, a full description of which will be found under the heading of
Classes were also provided for in child study and educational
In Sept., 1902, the first Model class was organized. Thirteen
children met in the class room of the superintendent, and under her
direction actual work commenced.
No attempt was made at a classified school as there was no pro-
vision for larger numbers or division into grades.
In addition to the pedagogy seminary a similar one in current
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 21
history was started, attendance upon which was required from all
members of the senior class, Academic as well as Normal.
The Normal curriculum now included, beside the branches re-
quired previous to 1901, courses in Biblical History, Moral Education
of Children, Child Study, Educational Psychology, and two Seminaries..
In addition, all normal students were required to visit, during the
year, at least ten outside schools, for observation work, and ten
classes in the preparatory department of the college.
In September, 1903, application from parents became so urgent
that two rooms were opened in the model school, with twenty-two
children in attendance and two regular teachers in charge. All Nor-
mal seniors were required to assist in the department for at least one
period a day, during one term, under the direction of the superin-
tendent, whose time, while the children were in school, was given to
this supervision. The other Normal work was continued as usual.
In 1904, a third room was opened and three regular teachers were
installed, with a partial grading of the children.
During the last school year we have had a fully graded Model
school, occupying four attractive rooms.
As nearly as has been practicable, the number of children has
been limited to sixteen in a room. This has been done, in spite of
constant application on the part of the parents, because we believe
that this limitation is for the good of the department.
With small numbers, plenty of room and air, and a chance for
individual attention on the part of the teachers, the children have
every advantage, while these conditions facilitate also the work of
training the student teachers.
The model rooms are papered and are furnished with a full equip-
ment in the line of pictures, globes, dictionaries and other school
A choice library of childrens' books is an additional attraction.
Each room is in the charge of a carefully chosen teacher, who has had
successful experience elsewhere, and who has been trained under the
superintendent. These teachers have care of the rooms and are
responsible for the order and standard of work.
During the hours of the children, from a quarter before nine until
half past twelve, the time of the superintendent is given to the super-
vision of the work, and to the training of the pupil teachers. Unless
these teachers have already had successful experience they are obliged
to give, for a full year, one period a day to the work. At least a
term's teaching is required of every one, and many give a large
amount of extra time for the sake of the experience. The first work
of the young teacher is often limited to observation in the different
rooms of the department; when they prove competent they are
allowed to help in carrying on the childrens' classes. Sometimes
these classes are broken into groups, which meet in the superln-
tendent's room, and special help is given to individuals, as it may be
needed. In this way the children have the advantage of personal
assistance while the teachers, at the same time, gain in experience.
All the grades are carried, so that children can enter at five years
of age and continue the work, without break, until they are ready for
entrance to the college. The full program and discussion of the sub-
jects carried by the Model School will be found following this section.
OUTLINE OF THE WORK IN THE MODEL SCHOOL.
The work in reading commences with word and sentence building.
The first lessons are given in script from the board, with concrete
illustrations of the meaning of the words, then the child passes by
gradual transition to the reading book. The text used through the
first six years is Arnold and Gilbert's Stepping Stones to Literature.
Constant attention is given to sight and silent reading throughout the
grades. Supplementary Material is gathered from all sources, from
myth, fable and folk-lore, geography, history and the best classics.
Much emphasis is placed upon committing poems and memory gems
from the choicest authors.
It is being surely proved by our own experience in this country
and by the just criticism of visiting foreigners that no subject in our
school is so neglected or so abused in the teaching as that of English.
Because of this conviction, practice in English is given a most im-
portant place in the curriculum.
First of all, because most necessary, every ungrammatical expres-
sion used by the children is- noted by the teacher and the mistake cor-
rected, regardless of the time consumed. In this way the early habit
of speaking correct English is formed and the proper foundation laid
for later training. Original sentence work commences with the sec-
ond year and original composition with the third year. Every effort
is made to encourage the expression of thought, first orally and then
in writing. Stories, poems and descriptions are reproduced, varied by
simple exercises in the construction of sentences. Every composition
and exercise written is carefully reviewed by the teacher and then
corrected by the pupils themselves. All examination papers are
treated in the same manner thus making them an exercise in English
as well as a test of scholarship.
When the first text book is used, in the fifth year, it is still sup-
plemented by original work, designed to develop thought and its
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 29
expression. Patrick's Lessons In Language is the first book used and
this Is followed by Buehler's Grammar In the sixth and seventh years
and by Patrick's Grammar In the eighth year. From the first a com-
bination is made with the drawing lessons, whereby the children do
their own illustrating. This is varied by pictures cut from periodicals,
only those pictures being used which are copies from the best in art.
This union of the drawing and English, resulting in really artistic
compositions, adds greatly to the interest in the lessons and serves as
an inducement to the best effort.
Practice in spelling supplements the reading of the first year and
is a daily exercise throughout all the grades, not only In connection
with the reading and English but also by means of separate lessons.
The simplest sounds of the letters are learned during the first year,
and exercises in phonics and the marking of quantity form a part of
the regular lessons.
Recitations are both oral and written and include the spelling of
geographical and historical names. The first written work is made a
part of the writing exercise upon especially prepared paper. After the
first year The Modern Spelling Book is introduced and used through-
out the grades.
The vertical slant system of writing is used. During the first two
years all English work is done upon paper especially ruled for the
purpose, in order that regular hapits in penmanship may be formed
from the beginning.
Much objection is made to any system of handwritmg which does
not vary among adults.
This system, while it insures a certain uniformity, until the child
has learned to properly estimate the relations between spaces and the
letters occupying them, does not prevent the development of an in-
dividual hand later.
The number work of the first year is largely objective, that of the
second and third years includes practice in the fundamental rules, the
multiplication table, the tables of weights and measures and problems
especially designed to cultivate thought power. It is believed that
mental exercises cannot be introduced too early. The subject of
weights and measures is concretely presented by means of a full
30 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
cabinet, containing measures and scales, so that the pupils can actu-
ally test the tables for themselves.
Every good device known is available for the number work and
by this means it is prevented from becoming monotonous and tedious.
Ray's Elementary Arithmetic is used throughout the fourth and
fifth year but this book furnishes only a basis for supplementary
exercises taken from the newest and best texts of the day. In the
sixth and seventh years Milne's School Arithmetic is used and in the
eighth arithmetic is reviewed. Supplementary problems and Mental
drill continue throughout the course.
We have undertaken to give children in the model school one
modern language because we believe that in childhood, when the
verbal memory is strongest, languages are most easily acquired. It Is
a matter of observation that a child taken abroad by his parents for
the purpose of learning a foreign tongue will speak it fluently before
the parents have mastered the irregular verbs.
We do not aspire to have the children speak French fluently, since
they can have only one period each day for this work, and since they
do not hear the language spoken outside the class room, but we have
succeeded in a large measure with those who have been with us
longest in teaching them to write, to translate and to pronounce the
French language. We consider the practical value and the cultural
value of this knowledge to be great enough to justify the time be-
stowed upon it.
The work in elementary science includes nature study for all
grades, health talks, simple physiology and hygiene.
For the little ones Anna Thomas' First School Year is the basis
of the lessons. With the older ones the best books are read and dis-
cussed and all the children are encouraged to watch and investigate
animal life as they see it around them. During the first three years
the course in drawing is based on the nature study and both correlate
with the English. The drawings of the children are used to illustrate
their compositions and the ideas which are developed by pencil and
crayon are gained largely from the observation of animals, fruits and
plant life. This is supplemented by stories, pictures and descriptions.
Elementary talks are given in physiology and hygiene, intended
to prepare the way for the test later.
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 31
The purpose of drawing in this department is fourfold, viz:
1st. To awaken interest.
2nd. To stimulate observation.
3rd. To develop memory.
4th. To cultivate expression.
All children are interested in drawing and this interest is deep-
ened by fixing their attention upon the common things with which
they come in contact; they thus deevlop a keen and unerring obser-
vation of created things with reference to form, color, action, feeling,
weight, effect and source.
When they have observed these facts for themselves they next
proceed to give expression to their knowledge, and this process
(drawing) compels perception, conception, observation and reflection;
it also developes imagination, judgment and reason.
The work in the first three grades is based upon and correlates
with nature study and English and includes memory and imaginative
drawing. In the higher grades the same work is carried to a greater
degree of perfection with the addition of map-drawing, the study of
color and of natural and artificial objects.
Song-singing, when properly related to sight-reading, is of greater
value in the musical development of the child than the study of
technique alone. While technique is abstract and beyond the com-
prehension of children, songs are to them realities, attractive and in-
teresting. The study of songs alone, however, cannot bring about
necessary growth in musical understanding. We recognize the im-
portance of thorough drill in the elements of music and in sight sing-
ing. Hence, the combination of simple melodies with interval practice
and sight-reading is followed throughout the course.
Lessons in geography commence in the second year. A fine globe,
suspended from the ceiling by a weight, gives the children their first
ideas of the shape of the earth, the zones, the continents and main
bodies of water with other forms. As soon as they are in possession
of a few fundamental facts, such as those of direction, distance, the
shape and motions of the earth, changes in climate and the forms of
land and water, they are taken on an imaginary journey around the
Everything is made as realistic as possible; pictures are used in
profusion, descriptions of places and people are read or presented
32 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
orally, and an earnest effort is made to develop and fasten the Idea
that the study of geography primarily means the study of real places
and real people.
The history and English of the second year are united with the
geography. A visit to Rome, for example, furnishes a chance to tell
the story of Horatius at the Bridge and to read the poem. Then the
story is reproduced as a part of an English exercise.
All through the course the geography, history and English are
made to correlate. Frequent stories and descriptions familiarize the
pupils with the habits and customs of the peoples of the different
No maps are used until the fourth year, hut a large sand table
furnishes abundant chance for concrete illustration of the surface of
Rand and McNally's elementary geography is studied in the
fourth and fifth years, supplemented by outside readings, pictures and
descriptions. In the sixth and seventh years Mitchell's Geography is
used. Chalk modeling is introduced with the first map drawing and
large dissected maps of all the countries supplement text and globe.
Until the sixth year history and geography alternate with each
The eighth year pupils have the opportunity for rapid review of
v s i
As has been noted, the history of the second and the third year
correlates with English and geography. Biography, story and descrip-
tion, read, written and illustrated, hold the interest and prepare the
way for the text. In the fourth and fifth years Montgomery's Ele-
mentary History is used, with outside readings. In all cases, when a
text is furnished, fully half of the recitation period is spent in reading
over and discussing the next day's lesson. The recitation proper Is
considered of less importance than the preparation of the lesson.
In the sixth and seventh years Montgomery's History is studied
and in the eighth year the work is reviewed, if needed. Tests are
frequent and every test is made also an exercise in English.
MANNERS AND MORALS.
It Is believed that the simple lessons growing out of the daily
experiences of child life accomplish more than any set Instruction In
morals, and constant effort is made to help the children understand
that truly polite manners spring only from a pure and unselfish heart.
The everyday life of a school furnishes abundant opportunity for
developing the spirit of the golden rule and the culture which is the
result of that spirit rather than of any outside effort.
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(Miss Aura Stevens
TEACHERS IN THE MODEL DEPARTMENT.
Miss Ella Turner
Miss Flora Pope
Miss Aura Stevens
Miss Sallie Humphries
Miss Dainty Craig
Miss Virgie Johnson
Miss Elizabeth Ferguson
Miss Minnie Ogden
Miss Eva Hieronimus
Miss Dainty Craig
Caughey, Mary Lapsley
Mathews, Robert Peebles
36 MARSHALL COLLEGE. .
Henson, Jessie Thornburg, Irving
Holliday, Mary L. Thornburg, Josephine
Jenkins, Emma Tomkies, Douglas
Jones, Macon Tomkies, Tony
Jones, Selden Vickers, Leonard
Leftwich, Ruby Walton, Ethel
Lemley, Edith Walton, Porter
LeSage, Dovel Weider, Alice
LeSage, Frank Whittaker, Elizabeth
LeSage, Josephine Williamson, Nora
LeSage, Lucile Williamson, Mary
LeSage, Ruth Williamson, Vickers
Love, Paul Wilson, Louis
THE TRAINING SCHOOL.
The purpose and work of the Model School has already been
referred to under its own head. The school was founded for the pur-
pose of adding practical training to the theoretical knowledge gained
in class, and the results as seen in the teachers sent out from
Marshall College, after such training, have fully justified its establish-
ment. Nothing, in our estimation, takes the place of actual contact
with the children. This experience^ combined with the advantages
gained from the direction and suggestions of the superintendent dur-
ing the progress of the work, is sure to result in greatly increased
skill and efficiency on the part of the young teacher.
SCHOOL VISITING — All members of the Normal senior class are
required to visit at least ten schools outside of our own, during the
year. These visits are for the purpose of studying the work of other
teachers; their methods, system, discipline, courses of study and
general plan. A report of each visit is made to the superintendent of
the Training Department, not with the idea of criticism, but rather
in order that she may see what has been gained by the experience.
Ten visits are also required in the preparatory department of our own
school and a report of these visits is submitted. .
SIGHT READING IN MUSIC—The course in sight reading is in-
tended to fit the student for teaching the elements of music in the
public schools. At the close of the course he must have a clear idea
of tone perception, must know something of the principles of deep
breathing and of breath control, and must be able to pass an examina-
tion on simple technique.
He must also have at his command a good theory of teaching
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 37
which he is able to put into practice in the training of children, and
must therefore be able to read simple music at sight.
DRAWING AND COLOR WORK.— The work under this head in-
1. Drawing of natural and artificial forms in the flat and from
2. Illustrative drawing.
3. An understanding of color, color mixing and the matching of
tones in art and nature.
4. Clay modeling of natural and artificial forms.
The requirements are:
1. A thorough understanding of the principles of drawing.
2. Knowledge of the theory of color.
3. Ability to care for and manipulate clay.
4. The power to present the subject in its various phases to
SPECIAL LECTURES. — These are divided into two classes; those
purely of an academic nature and those on professional subjects. The
speakers are invited by the principal and the subject named by him,
on which the lectures are to be delivered, for he, after consulting with
the superintendent of the training department, knows best the kind of
lectures needed most. This prevents haphazardness and overdoing
some themes at the expense of neglected ones.
The list of parallel readings bearing on the professional studies
will be found in the booklet printed for the students and containing
lists of parallel readings on all subjects in all the courses.
ORTHOGRAPHY. — In Orthography the requirements are:
1. Ability to pass the final test on spelling, — 100 words selected from
a list of 1,000.
2. Ability to pronounce, by the use of Webster's diacritics, 80 out of
100 words selected from the vocabulary of the man of average
culture and education.
3. Ability to define 100 words selected from a list of 1,000.
4. A fair knowledge of words in the way of word analysis, synonyms,
homonyms, and antonyms, and of vowels, consonants, mutes,
liquids, and phonetics.
5. An intelligent use of words in ordinary composition.
THE PEDAGOGY SEMINARY — This seminary has to do with the
pedagogical work of the class. It is held each alternate Thursday
from 2 to 4 p. m., and includes, in the scope of its work, school law,
school administration, school supervision, courses of study, the value
38 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
of the various studies in the course, child study, moral education,
school systems, the observations made by the class in their visits to
the schools of the surrounding towns, cities and rural districts under
the diection of the superintendent of the "training department," and
all kindred subjects deemed valuable in the education of the teacher.
The discussions are opened by some member of the class who has
been assigned to the task of making out a full analysis of the subject.
Copies of this analysis or syllabus are prepared by this person for all
members of the seminary and are distributed at the opening of the
meeting. The one appointed for making out the syllabi is required
to have it done in a special form on the typewriter, and he must go
through the discussion, speaking not from a prepared paper, but from
the notes of the syllabus only, one object being to train the class in
extemporaneous speaking. He may be interrupted by permission of
the superintendent, but most of the criticisms are made after the close
of the leader's discussion.
The Seminary is one of the best features of the training work,
especially from the standpoint of cultivating habits of research, intel-
ligent observation and criticism, and ease, grace and brevity in oral
THE CURRENT HISTORY SEMINARY.— The plan of the work in
this seminary is similar to that done in the pedagogy seminary except
that the topics discussed are not immediately concerned with the
study of pedagogy, but rather with the current events of the day.
While congress is in session and during the sittings of our own
state legislature, special reports are made of the doings of these
bodies, also of the doings of other legislative and executive bodies
in this and other countries. All matters of current history deemed of
such importance that they are history-making in their nature or in
their effect, are noted and discussed. These topics are assigned long
enough in advance to permit those preparing papers to make proper
research in periodicals, books, and other sources, so that the discus-
sion may not only be full enough but drawn from enough sources to
assure accuracy. The papers are not limited to mere current events
but are expected to trace causes and connections no matter how many
years or centuries may be involved.
Every syllabus is accompanied with a good bibliography so that
not only may the members of the seminary verify the statements sub-
mitted but may read the details if they wish.
The Current History Seminary may well be called the medium by
which the senior class is put in touch with world history in the course
of its transactions, put in sympathy with the movements of the world,
taught to search for the facts underlying world movements, taken out
of themselves and put in touch with mankind in its broadest sense.
A thorough examination is given at the close of each year's worjc
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 39
on the history of the world for the 12 months preceding. This exam-
ination is made out by the principal to test the thoroughness with
which the work of this department has been done.
It was expected that this seminary would induce wider and more
intelligent reading and develop a wider field of observation for the
seniors, and not only has this been the result attained, but the success
of the work from other points of view has been very marked, indeed.
U. S. History
U. S. History
Advanced Mental Arith.
English ( &
English ( &
English ( &
History of Education
(U. S. History.
AC>=0EMIC DEPARTMENT AND NOTES ON
J_L THE COURSES OF STUDY.
ANCIENT LANGUAGE COURSE.
U. S. Histoi
U. S. History
Advanced Mental Arith.
English ( &
English ( &
English ( &
MODERN LANGUAGE COURS
U. S. History
U. S. History
dvanced Mental Arith.
English ( &
English ( &
English ( &
(U. S. History.
U. S. History
U. S. History
Advanced Mental ' Arlth.
English ( &
English ( &
English ( &
(U. S. History.
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 45
Physics Physics Physics
(French (French (French
(or (or (or
(German. (German. (German.
TEACHERS REVIEW COURSE OF STUDY.
SUBJECTS. TEXT BOOKS USED. TIME SPENT.
Arithmetic, Written . . Any Good Book 3 months
Arithmetic, Mental .... Brooks 3 months
Bookkeeping New text to be chosen 3 months
Civil Government Willoughby 3 months
Geography, Political .... Any Good Book 3 months
Geography, Physical . . . Davis 3 months
(Patrick's Lessons, or )
Grammar* (Reed & Kellogg's Higher ) 3 months
( Lessons. )
History, United States . Any Good Book 3 months
History, Ancient Any Good Book 3 months
History, Grecian Any Good Book 3 months
History, Roman Any Good Book 3 months
History. English Any Good Book 3 months
Literature Outlines Prepared for this 3 months
Map Drawing No Text Required 3 months
Orthography Text Prepared by the Principal 3 months
Pennmanship Slanting Hand 3 months
Physiology Overton 3 months
Theory & Art of Teaching White 3 months
46 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
NOTES, EXPLANATIONS, AND DETAILS CONCERNING THE
COURSES OF STUDY.
A "UNIT," as used when referring to a single study, means the
work in any subject for one term, (3 months), recitations coming five
times per week.
If the recitations in a study come but once per week, the work in
such a study covers only one-fifth unit per term, if twice per week,
two-fifths unit, and so on.
The class of 1907 will graduate under the old courses of study,
although they will be allowed a few substitutions if this can be done
to then- benefit, the principal reserving the right to say what substitu-
tions may be made.
Under the new courses of study a student is permitted to sub-
stitute work of like grade done in any of the other courses or in an-
other school of approved standing, to the number of three units, pro-
vided the principal approve of the substitution. But no substitution is
permitted for Latin, English, algebra (except the last term of the
Academic algebra) or geometry in the normal course, and no substitu-
tion for any of the professional subjects of the normal course will be
permitted except with the approval of the superintendent of the
model school and training department.
Because a subject is scheduled for a certain term, e. g., geology
for the spring term only, does not mean that it is carried for that
term only. As far as possible our students who are here the full year
take each study during the term for which it is scheduled on the pre-
ceding pages; but new classes are organized at the opening of each
term in a majority of all the subjects named in the several courses of
study. This we find necessary at Marshall College for these reasons:
1. The large number of new students that enter at the opening
of the winter and spring terms.
2. The number that can be here for but one term each year.
Orthography, English composition, and penmanship are required
in all the courses when the student is found deficient in these sub-
jects, — which means in the vast majority of cases.
Drawing and vocal music are compulsory for at least one term in
the Senior Year of the Normal Course.
This course includes a total of 16 units:
Milne's Advanced Arithmetic Completed
Brooks' Mental Arithmetic Completed
Milne's Elementary Algebra Completed
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 47
Milne's Academic Algebra Completed
Milne's Plane, Solid and Spherical Geometry . ... Completed
Wentworth's Plane Trigonometry Completed
Wentworth's Spherical Trigonometry Completed
Analytical Geometry Completed
Review Arithmetic ,
The English course covers 12 units:
Patrick's English Grammar Completed
Patrick's Advanced Grammar Completed
Reed & Kelloggs' Higher English Completed
Quackenbos's, also Lockwood and Emerson's Rhetoric Completed
Hawthorn & Lemons' American Literature Completed
Painter's English Literature Completed
English Classics in connection with Grammar and Rhetoric
Work 3 years
English Composition in connection with Grammar and
Rhetoric 3 years
English Masterpieces and Composition 1 year
Senior and Junior Exercises
Seminary Drill and Practice in the Art of Extemporaneous
Speaking 1 year
Required Affiliation with one of the Literary Organizations
of the School 2 years
Spelling, Defining, Word-Study, Word-Analysis, Diacritics,
and Pronounciation 4 years
The work under this head includes:
Physiology 3 months
Physiography 3 months
Industrial Geography 3 months
Commercial Geography 3 months
Botany 3 months
Zoology 3 months
Geology 3 months
Astronomy 3 months
Chem istry 9 months
Physics 9 months
Agriculture 3 months
Sociology 3 months
Economics 3 months
48 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
School Sanitation and School Architecture 3 months
Lectures on Hygiene 3 months
HISTORY AND CIVICS.
' '' . •
The work in these subjects includes:
U. S. History, (Preparatory Year) 6 months
Oriental and Greek H istory 3 months
Roman H istory 3 months
Mediaeval and Modern History 3 months
English History 3 months
U. S. History and Civics 3 months
Biblical History 3 months
The course in Latin covers four years — a total of 12 units, repre-
senting, in all, 148 weeks' work, five recitations per week, or 740
The 12 units of this course are known as Latin I, Latin II, Latin
III, Latin IV, and so on up to and including Latin XII.
Latin I, covers the first 34 chapters of Smiley & Storke's Begin-
ner's Latin, or up to the Passive voice of the verb.
Latin II, covers chapters 35 to 66 inclusive, or up to "Review of
the Subjunctive Mode."
Latin III, covers the rest of the Beginner's Book'from chapter 66
on, and the first twenty chapters, Book I, of Caesar's Gallic War.
Latin IV, covers the rest of Book I from chapter 20 on, all of
Book II, Caesar's Gallic War, and Prose Composition.
Latin V, covers Books III and IV of the Gallic War, and Prose
Latin VI, covers the first three orations of Cicero against Cata-
line, and Prose Composition.
Latin VII. Fourth oration of Cicero against Catiline, orations for
the Poet Archias and Marcellus, 410 lines, Book I, Aeneid. Prose
Latin VIII. Book I, Aeneid, completed; Books II and III.
Latin IX. Books IV, V, and VI, Aeneid.
Latin X. De Amicitia and De Senectute, Cicero.
Latin XI. Selected Odes, Epodes,and Satires of Horace, also Ars
Latin XII. Books XXI and XXII, Livy, at the discretion of the
instructor. Selections from Tacitus, Ovid, Crowell's Latin Boets, or
Smith's Latin Selections may be substituted for a part of the work
indicated in Courses X, XI, and XII.
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 49
Close attention is given to the mastery of form, syntax, and vo-
cabulary, in the belief that the student can by no other means, learn
to read Latin with intelligent and pleasurable comprehension. The
bearing of Latin etymology and syntax upon the English language is
carefully pointed out and emphasized. This fundamental study is
throughout the entire course directed toward the development of clear
thought and clear expression.
Beginner's Book, — Smiley & Storke; Caesar, — Harkness and
Forbes; Cicero, — Forbes; Virgil, — Knapp; Composition, — Riggs' "In
Latinum" (Caesar and Cicero); grammar, — Allen and Greenough, with
references to Bennett and Harkness.
The course in Greek covers a period of three years — a total of
9 units, representing 111 weeks' work, five recitations per week.
The nine units of Greek are referred to as Greek I, II, III, and
so on. *
Greek 1. First Greek Book, first 41 lessons.
Greek I!. First Greek Book, lessons 42 to 72 inclusive.
Greek Ml. First Greek Book completed; Anabasis, Book I, first
Greek IV. Book I completed; Book II, Selections from New
Testament. Prose, Composition.
Greek V. Book III, Anabasis; Book I, Iliad. Prose Composition.
Greek VI. Peeks II and III, with selections from Book VI, Iliad.
Greek VII. Selections from Lysias and the Minor Poets. Prose
Greek VIM. Selections from Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xeno-
phon's Memorabilia. Prose Composition.
Gr^ek IX. Plato, Apology and Crito.
Throughout the entire course the relation between the Greek and
English languages is strongly emphasized. There is a constant effort
to sbow to the student the literary and historic value of the works
of classic anthers. The best maps and pictures supplement the
work. In addition to the prescribed readings, constant reference is
made to the many valuable books in the library, well adapted for
parallel reading and investigation.
The work of this department is thoroughly practical, since it not
only prepares for College Greek, but gives to the careful student ease,
accuracy, and variety of expression, as well as broad mental culture.
50 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
The course in German covers three years.
The first three months are given up almost exclusively to a
mastery of the elements of pronunciation, accent, declension, conjuga-
tion, simple forms of construction, and to acquiring a working vocabu-
lary in simple conversation and reading.
With the opening of the second term German stories are taken
up, also composition and grammar work.
The work of the third term is similar to that of the second except
that the German stories are a little heavier.
The work of he second and third years consists of reading classic
stories, dramas, poetry, and ma sterpieces from Goethe, Schiller, Heine
and other leading German writers. Composition is "kept up throughout
these two years. The idioms of the language are studied with special
pains, and much time is given to conversation. In the advanced work
German is used exclusively by teacher and students in class.
Technical grammar is kept up in connection with the work in
Lists of the readings in this course are not given because they
are varied from year to year, and are not decided upon till the needs
and aptness for the language, of the classes, are known.
Whitney, Cooks, Otto, Joynes-Meissner, and other standard gram-
mars are used, Gaspey-Otto-Sauer serving as the standard.
The course in French covers three years and the work is done on
the same plan as the work in German.
Conversational work, composition and grammar, as in German, re-
ceive very careful attention throughout the course, especially in the
Sight reading receives liberal attention also in the advanced
classes, both in French and in German.
The readings in this course are selected after the same manner
as are those in the German course, and from like sources.
History of Education 3 months
Economics 3 months
School Sanitation and Architecture 3 months
Biblical History (Once a week) 3 months
Pedagogy 3 months
Psychology 3 months
School Supervision ,,. , ,,,,,.. ...,,,,,.. 3 months
MARSHALL COLLEGE. 51
Sociology 3 months
Methods of Teaching , 3 months
Ethics (three times a week) 3 months
Child Study (Once a week) 3 months
Educational Psychology (once a week) 3 months
Training Work 9 months
At the close of the long term — our fall term — we usually set apart
an entire week for examinations and when we do so -they are com-
pulsory; that is, no student can continue his work during any succeed-
ing term till he has passed his examinations. The only excuse we
have yet accepted was that of continued and severe illness, in which
case a certificate or verbal report from the physician who attended
the student was necessary. There might he other extreme cases in
which excuses from examination could be obtained; most rules are
subject to some exceptions; but if a student expect to continue work
here or anywhere else it would be to his advantage to pass his exami-
nations; and if he refuse to do so without justifiable excuse he will
not only be denied a special examination but will be dropped from
We sometimes devote a week at the close of each of the three
terms to examinations, and would always were it not for the follow-
ing conditions that exist here:
1. Students — chiefly teachers from the rural districts whose
schools close before our spring term opens — enter at all times during
our winter term iri order that they may get more than one term per
year. Many of these enter so late in the term that they are not pre-
pared to take the winter term examinations and if the closing week of
the term be given up to examinations these students who entered late
find a week wherein there are no recitations — almost lost time to
them here on expense. Accordingly we usually have our winter term
examinations in the form of frequent class tests. By this means
those who enter late may pass the tests on those parts of the texts
which they have taken up after entering and are accommodated with
class work — recitations — up to the very last day of the term. And
since there is no vacation between the winter and spring term, at
least only two school days, Friday and Monday, students entering
before the close of the winter term may continue their work uninter-
ruptedly to the end of the spring term.
2. The spring term is the term which is most largely attended
by the teachers of the state, and as their time here is brief at most
and since they wish to do as much work as possible, we usually have
52 MARSHALL COLLEGE
our spring term examinations In the form of class tests during the
term and continue recitations up to the very last of the term.
To get one's credits for work during a term when examinations
are given in the form of class tests it is absolutely necessary that the
student stay till the close of the term; otherwise his name is not
entered on the credit list nor on the grade book of the school and no
report is sent to his parents unless the principal write a personal
statement as to the general character of the work done. It is, there-
fore, of the very highest importance that the student study till the
close of the term, for sometime, somewhere, in some way, either here
or elsewhere, he will very much need his credits. Not a year passes
but a number of young men and women who dropped out of the school
before the term closed find themselves in serious need of a statement
from the principal, of the work they did here, and write us for the
same. It is a great disappointment to them to find there is no credit
In case a student is very sick and we have proper assurance that
he or she is too sick to remain in school, the cause for his withdrawal
is recorded and a general statement of the amount of work done can
be gotten at any time, but no grades can be given.
In case a student drops out of school out of pure laziness or a few
childish pains or other ailments of some kind, no record whatever is
kept of his work. He usually does not do the kind of work that
amounts to enough to record it.
The student will please to remember that if he wish credit for
work done here, his attendance must be regular and continue to the
very close of the term except in extreme cases, and the faculty must
judge as to what cases are extreme.
It may be well to remind new students who enter here that class
attendance is compulsory; that every absence from class is investi-
gated ; that absence from class without an excuse which we can accept
will be punished with expulsion if persisted in; that when they arrive
in Huntington they must enroll at once and proceed to work; that
any student found lounging about the city after arriving is liable to
be sent home summarily; that the instructors of the school meet
every afternoon at 2:00 and go over the entire list of students and
know just who are absent and whether absent the entire day; that
the cause for absence is almost surely investigated; that when once
here a student must be in school and must be here regularly and
promptly unless his excuse will bear investigation; that we want no
students who do not come here to work; and that we propose to get
rid of those who will not work.
Attending school is a business here, not a pastime.
MARSHALL COLLEGE 53
A diploma of graduation is conferred on all who complete either
the Normal, Science, Modern Language or Ancient Language course,
with an average per cent of 80, and do not fall below 75 on any-
No one is permitted to graduate, however, who has not spent at
least one full year at the normal from which he wishes his diploma,
and the "full year" must be either the Junior or the Senior year.
We caution young people about getting in a hurry about graduat-
ing. Go slowly, do much reading outside your course, do not carry
very heavy work, take part in the social life of the school, take time
to take care of your health, always take light enough work to have
some time for recreation, and especially guard against carrying more
work than can be well done without injuring the health. Take what
work you can do thoroughly well and you will like it better, will like
school better, it will like you better, and you and it will get very
much more out of each other.
Make haste slowly and do your work well, thoroughly well. Get
all possible out of your school life that can be of value to you after-
A much greater honor is it to graduate than most persons realize,
and vastly more to the credit of those who do so. Graduation means
labor, hard, persistent, continuous, systematic labor; it means courage
also, determination, order, system; it means doing, completing some-
thing valuable and noble; and men and women who do and complete
things, valuable, useful things, are the men and the women needed
most in the world.
To have it said of a young man or young woman, indeed a man
or woman of any age, that he or she has graduated at a school of
standing in a city, community, county or state, is to have one victory
recorded to his or her credit which cannot but be worth vastly more
than it cost.
Immediately after the opening of the fall term, each year, the
"Committee on Graduation" takes up the record of each candidate for
graduation, checks up his record, and reports to him within two
weeks of the opening of said term what his standing is. If any one
is found to have more than 16 units against him at that time he is
notified that he cannot graduate that year, for no one with more than
16 units to make for the year is admitted to the senior class at the
opening of the fall term.
The "senior roll" is made up at the close of the fall term. At
that time every candidate who has been admitted on trial at the open-
ing of the fall term is entered on the senior roll or is dropped finally
from the class for that year.
54 MARSHALL COLLEGE
The "senior roll" is called in full faculty meeting four weeks
before commencement day. If, at this roll call, any member of the
class is found below the "danger line" he is promptly notified by the
secretary of the faculty and thus is given one week to "set himself
right" in his credits; at the end of this week the "final senior roll" is
called and the result is reported to the president of the class and to
the program committees for commencement.
No one could sympathize more truly or more deeply with a
worthy young person who is ambitious to graduate than the faculty
of this school; but all ambition must be founded in reason, and every
graduation should presuppose thoroughness. Graduation must have
a meaning besides the sentimental and the pleasure phases that very
properly attach to it, and this additional meaning, — its conditions
fully complied with — must be respected and fulfilled if the sentimental
and pleasurable phases are to maintain their significance.
Our graduates are, to be congratulated, as is their alma mater as
well, on the success that has been and continues to be the lot of
most of them.
Many of them have continued their studies to the completion of
some degree, most of these choosing high class institutions for com-
pleting their degree courses. We are sorry some of them are choos-
ing medical schools which are scarcely up to the standard either in
the amount or in the character of the work required, but economy
has been an item with them. We hope however, that they may
remember that a cheap degree is little better than no degree at all
in recent years, and that where they finish their education means
almost as much a,s how they finish it, at least so with the better in-
formed part of the public. But no matter where they go, good, hard,
persistent, patient thorough effort will bring its rewards.
Our young men are drifting pretty largely into teaching, and are
beginning work therein immediately after graduating here, at $60 to
$90 per month, a few higher in the salary scale, some lower, but all
of them climbing.
Our young women are getting positions at $45 to $65 per month,
as a rule, practically all of them nine months per session.
Good reports are coming from nearly all of them.
We caution both young men and young women about a vain
ambition to "graduate young." This means loss of thoroughness, for
much that is in our normal course requires maturity of mind to grasp
it intelligently. Besides, the public is looking for men and women,
not for boys and girls, to fill paying positions.
Some students who enroll with us seem embarrassed when we
ask their ages, simply because they are beyond 21, some of them
above 30. We are always pleased to enroll a mature student. It
means, first, as a rule, some one who knows what he is here for, who
will be a "worker," who will add to the dignity of the school, who
MARSHALL COLLEGE 55
will need no disciplines; second, it usually means some one with
experience in teaching, or some other valuable experience, and hence
some one whom we can recommend for a good position when gradu-
ated, all things else being equal.
Younger students need not rush to complete their course; much
time should be given to reading, for our library opportunities are
rare, and a good share to the social life of the school, the literary
work, etc. It really is a mistake to ever carry over four regular
studies. When we hear some egotistic student boasting of how many
studies he is carrying just because the number is "great," and often
adding that he does not have to work hard, our opinion of said
boaster goes down several degrees at once. It is a pretty sure sign
of a "soft place" about the capital extremity, and a pretty good indi-
cation that some one is shirking, skimping, or borrowing, if not steal-
ing. It would be vastly more to his credit and to the credit of the
school if his remarks were concerning how few studies he was carry-
ing and how hard he was working on each.
Each year we find that men of influence, indeed the public in
general, attaches more importance to young persons graduating in
some good school before they enter any business, trade, or profes-
sion. More and more we find employers of labor referring with pride
to certain of their men being graduates of a good . school.
Each year graduation means more to young people, more to those
who employ young people, more to the public in general, more to the
state, and more to American institutions.
Just one time in his or her life will the man and the woman of
coming years regret that he or she has not graduated from some good
school offering a good, strong, general course of study which equips
one with a good general education; just once, we say, and that once
will be all the remainder of his or her life. ,
Graduate in such a school before the age of 25 if you can, if you
can't, then some time, if it be after the age of 40.
We congratulate sincerely and heartily every young man who has
enough regard for the needs and duties of citizenship in this Republic,
enough appreciation of himself in the way of developing and training
his mind, enough love of country and respect for its needs in every
department of its workings from the humblest laborer to the Presi-
dent of the United States, enough esteem and consideration for the
woman he is to call his bride and the offsprings he may bequeath to
a country that needs clean, honest, cultivated, educated and indus-
trious citizenship as none other has in all history, enough feelings
and sentiments of these kinds we repeat, to educate himself and to
graduate from a good school of general education whether he has
money or not, for there is a way if only a will can be found.
With equal heartiness do we congratulate the young woman who
is willing to deny herself some of the finer but lighter pleasures of
56 MARSHALL COLLEGE
life, who believes in hard study as an indispensable training mentally
and morally, who has good sense and good judgment enough to know
that education, a good general education, is just as necessary for one
human being as another, regardless of sex, who has enough pride and
ambition to prepare for the best there is in life for herself, her we
sincerely and earnestly congratulate on her determination to graduate.
To such young men and such young women we cheerfully tip
the hat and pay due honor otherwise, for tFjey are the best hope of
the race, the power that is to enthrone reason as against the mob,
the individuals that are to shape and to direct the destinies of the
No man and no woman in his or her right mind ever regretted
that he or she had graduated from a good school offering a good
general education, but hundreds, thousands, millions have regretted
that they did not graduate, are still regretting it, always will regret it.
More: No person who has acquired a good knowledge of Latin,
Greek, German, French or any other language, any science, or any
other of the chief studies in our schools ever felt otherwise than that
he would take them again if it were to do over again.
No sensible man ever regretted learning anything that puts him
in closer touch with man, ancient or modern, with nature in any of
her manifold forms of manifesting herself, with the lower animals,
with any part of this universe of space and matter, and with the
great Author of them all, for the more intimate man becomes with
all these, the more sympathetic he becomes, the wiser, the nobler, the
more like unto Him who came from humble life in humble Nazareth
to illustrate what knowledge of the world, of men, and of God
meaneth to the individual man, — the only means by which he can
rise to the stature, and dignity, and worth, and likeness of Him in
whom knowledge is complete, the One omniscient.
LEAD PENCIL DRAWINGS FROM SPECIAL CLASS
This department has kept apace with the general growth of the
school. It has not only assumed decidedly creditable proportions in
point of enrollment, but has become a very potent influence on the
life and character of the school, an important and decidedly valuable
feature of the success of the entire institution.
Music has become, as it should, a part of the very warp and woof
of Marshall College life, and has put the school in closer touch with
the city of Huntington and the state than could have been possible
otherwise. This is but natural; for the school that does not have
music in its soul, and does not in some way appeal to the musical in
other men's souls, is essentially as lacking in complete life as is the
individual, and Shakespeare has described the latter in very strong
terms — perhaps a little too strong — in his "Merchant of Venice," act
V, scene I:
"The man that hath no music in himself,
Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils;
The motions of his spirit are dull as night,
And his affections dark as Erebus:
Let no such man be trusted."
L. J. Corbly,
Miss Rhoda Crumrine,
Head Teacher in Piano.
Mrs. C. E. Haworth,
Voice, and Choir Music.
Miss Grace Cummings,
Sight Reading and Choral Work,
58 MARSHALL COLLEGE
Miss Mary Sharp,
Assistant in Piano and Organ.
Bertha Roth Walburn,
Second Assistant in Piano.
Lack of room to comfortably house the music department has been
more or less a source of embarrassment heretofore, but with the
addition of our new and commodious building ample space will be set
apart for this work, thus adding decidedly to its efficiency and,
beyond question, to its influence both upon the school and upon the
community, as well as to the patronage of the department.
In the studios and practice rooms of this department are placed,
for the benefit of students of music, the following instruments:
Practice Clavier 1
Band Instruments 16
COURSE OF STUDY.
The course of study has been extended from four to five grades
so that graduates from this division may stand the test of criticism
when compared with the work done in still more pretentious schools
than ours. The following is the course which will be in force here-
Emery's Foundation Studies, Lynes' Advancement Studies, Gurlitt
First Lessons, Gurlitt Opus 187, Little pieces, (selected).
Studies by Czerny, Heller, Loeschhorn, and Krause, Kunz, Canons,
MARSHALL COLLEGE 5&
Schumann Album for the Young, dementi's Sonatinas, Compositions
selected to the need of the pupil.
Czerny's Forty Daily Studies, Emery or Turner Octave Studies,
Kullak's Octave Studies, Bach's Little Preludes and Fugues, Bach's
Two Part Inventions, Mendelssohn's Songs without Words, Sonatas
by Mozart and Haydn. Selected compositions.
Moscheles Op. 70; Kullak's Octave Books II and III, dementi's
Gradus ad Parnassum, Bach's French Suites and Three Part Inven-
tions, Chopin's Nocturnes, Easier Sonatas by Beethoven. Selected
Bach's "Well Tempered Clavichord," the Greater Sonatas of
Beethoven, Studies by Chopin, Henselt, and Liszt, Tausig's "Daily
Exercises." Concertos by Masters of the Classic, Romantic, and
Modern Schools. Composition by Shubert, Weber, Chopin, Grieg,
Moszkowski, and others.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS.
Elementary Work in Harmony and in the History of Music are
required as a part of the work of the Third Grade.
Students completing the Fourth Grade will be awarded a certifi-
Candidates for diplomas must complete the work of the five
grades and must take also advanced work in Harmony, Theory and
the History of Music. They are also required to give in public,
entirely from memory, a recital consisting of only the best standard
FEES,— PIANO AND ORGAN.
All fees are payable by the term, in advance. The rates for
piano lessons differ according to whether given by the head teacher
in piano or by an assistant.
Head Teacher's Rates:
Fall Term $18.00
Winter Term 14.00
60 MARSHALL COLLEGE
Spring Term , 15.00
Assistant Teacher's Rates:
Fall Term $17.00
Winter Term ; 13.00
Spring Term 14.00
Charges for Piano Practice:
Charges for the use of pianos and organs for practice between
lessons, depends, of course, upon the number of hours pupils practice
Per Term — 1 hour per day, in advance, $2.00
Students wishing to pay their practice fee for the full year in
advance, will be given 10 per cent, discount from the "in advance"
rates, making them $1.80, $2.70, $3.60, $4.50, $5.40, and $6.30.
The difference in the charges, for music lessons per term, fall,
•winter, and spring, is due to the fact that the fall term is about
fifteen weeks in length, while the winter term is but ten weeks in
length and the spring term, eleven weeks. Heretofore not the entire
time of the fall term has been given to the work in music; hereafter
the work in music will be begun at the opening of the term and con-
tinued till the close of it, hence the difference in the charges for that
FEES FOR HARMONY, THEORY, AND HISTORY OF MUSIC.
The fee for each of these subjects is as follows:
Fall Term .'....$6.00
Winter Term 4.00
Spring Term 5.00
If there be fewer than eight in the class the periods will be half
an hour in length.
If there be eight or more in class the periods will be one hour in
length. The reason for this difference is evident; for the additional
income justifies the additional time given to the recitation.
All fees are payable in advance at the opening of each term un-
less special arrangements are made with the principal of the depart-
ment, to the contrary.
Students wishing to pay their music tuition for the full year in
advance will be allowed a discount of "ten per cent."
MARSHALL COLLEGE 61
The charges for private lessons on the organ are the same as
those for piano and also the fees for practice are the same.
Lessons on this instrument will be given by our regular teacher
at the rate of
— 70 Cents Per Lesson —
two lessons per week; if fewer than two lessons per week are given
the rate is —
— 75 Cents Per Lesson —
Lessons on the Mandolin and Guitar will be given at reasonable
COURSE OF STUDY.
Placing of tones.
Studies from best composers.
English and German Ballads.
Elements of Church Music.
Sight-reading and Part Singing.
Studies from best composers.
Songs by modern composers.
Studies from best composers.
Oratorio and Opera.
Songs by classical composers.
Practice of accompaniment.
Harmony and theory.
History of music.
CLASSES IN SIGHT READING:— In these classes students are
62 MARSHALL COLLEGE
taught the intervals by the use of numerals, thorough understanding
of time, rhythm, accent, and such other features of vocal music as
will give them an intelligent grasp of the fundamentals of sound
vocal culture, and will qualify them for singing ordinary music at
sight and for teaching it to others.
This work includes the normal course of music in the model de-
partment and the instruction given to the senior class of the teachers
training department, — teachers and prospective teachers.
CHORAL CLUB:— The object of this work is to train all students
who are interested in vocal music to sing to accurate time under a
director, to familiarize them with the best hymns and songs, to pre-
pare the young men for their glee club work and the student body for
chapel singing. Some anthem work is done, also.
The Choral Class is a very effective influence in developing good
chapel music and in diffusing a music spirit throughout the school.
CHOIR SINGING: — Only those students whose voices and vocal
training come up to a certain standard of excellence are admitted to
the class in choir singing. The object of the work of this class is
to have a good choir for our chapel exercises which serves not only
as a lead in the chapel singing, but which spends quite an amount
of time in choir practice preparing anthems for chapel and other
public occasions and gives some time to hymn singing, as well, re-
sponses, etc. The training a student gets in this work abundantly
repays him for the time spent, and the choir is a very potent influence
in giving interest, dignity, and inspiration to our chapel worship.
PRIVATE LESSONS:— This work, as well as all the rest of our
vocal work, is under the management and direction of an exception-
ally competent, gifted, and well trained vocalist, who has the ability
in a remarkable degree to do what her profession stands for as well
as to teach that rare art.
Voice placement is perhaps the form in which her -work shows
to best advantage, aside from her own singing, and certainly nothing
is so important in the training of the human voice in song.
EXPENSES: — No charges are made to either "The Class in Sight
Reading," "The Class in Choir Singing," or "The Choral Class."
The charges for "Private Lessons" in voice are:
Fall Term $18.00
Winter Term 14.00
Spring Term 15.00
Tuition is payable at the opening of each term. If paid for the
full year in advance, a discount of $4.00 is made from the $44,00,
making the amount even $40.00 for the year,
MARSHALL COLLEGE 63
VOCAL AND PIANO RECITALS.
One of the most enjoyable and profitable features of the Music
Department consists in the Recitals given by students and teachers.
Class room recitals are held once every month, to which all music
students are invited. Even young pupils, not far advanced, are given
something to do on these programs as soon as practicable. Three
important ends are served by these recitals:
First, they are a source of pleasure and encouragement to the
students, thus increasing their interest.
Second, young and timid or self conscious pupils improve greatly
in their ability to perform before listeners.
Third, a wholesome spirit of emulation incites to greater effort.
Besides these class room recitals, it is our plan to have three
public resitals during the year, in which only the advanced pupils and
teachers take part.
Each year these recitals grow more popular with the public and
audiences grow larger. During the session of 1905-06 the large com-
mencement hall was practically filled on each occasion of these
A WORD TO THE CARELESS.
NO TUITION WILL BE RETURNED except in cases of severe
illness when the student has to leave school for the year. Otherwise
the lessons lost during sickness will be made up to the student in-
stead of returning the fees. "Sickness" here, means "sickness," not
PLEASE TO REMEMBER, that those students of voice or of
piano and organ who are absent from regular lessons simply to suit
their conveniences for visiting, receiving visitors, or other inter-
ferences with regular work which are quite too common with more
than a few, need expect no allowances at the end of the term for
their absences nor any lessons made up to them. This is a thing
quite unknown in well organized schools of any kind, and it is un-
If a student be unable to take a lesson at the time appointed,
that hour is lost to the teacher. It has been difficult to arrange hours
enough during the past year and we can afford to lose none by a
student's indifference, carelessness or petty "illness."
When an absence is absolutely unavoidable — and the teacher must
use her judgment as to this — the student may, by promptly reporting
the matter, have that hour made up, but that will depend altogether
on how scarce spare hours are and the cause of the absence. In well
64 MARSHALL COLLEGE
organized schools of all kinds there is a time for such recitation and
BUT ONE TIME. Emergency alone can modify this.
A college charges tuition. A student may miss one-third or more
of his time out of necessity, or he may miss two-thirds, three-fourths,
or even all of it out of indifference or carelessness; not one dollar
and not one recitation is made up to him.
Hereafter the music department is to be conducted on exactly the
same plan as the rest of the work of this school, namely, all fees and
tuitions will be paid in advance, the work will be appointed to each
student, and if he'is not there at the time it will be his loss.
Special rates will be made in the following cases:
1. When more than one person from the same family takes work
in either piano or voice, full time.
2. When a student takes both vocal and piano work, full time.
By "full time," is meant "full terms."
Instead of charging so much per term of twenty-four lessons as
heretofore, the charges will hereafter be so much per term, and two
lessons per week are given. The number of lessons per term varies
from 22 to 26 lessons. Whether the pupil enter early or late, the
charges are the same, unless the lateness be absolutely unavoidable.
The "Crumrine award," offered annually by Miss Crumrine, head
instructor in the piano and organ department, is given, at the close
of each year, to the student who excels in playing the classics, $18.00.
This award is given in the form of free tuition.
The "Beethoven award," offered annually hereafter by L. J.
Corbly, as a means of encouraging the study of the history of music
and the biography of musicians, a gold piece, $10. An examination on
these subjects will be given the contestants for this prize early in
May, and will be open only to students of the music department,
instrumental and vocal, and only to those taking music "full time,"
the entire year.
The "Mozart award," offered by L. J. Corbly, to the student of
the music department who excels in the following lines:
1. Attendance and Promptness to music lessons.
2. Progress in music studies.
3. General decorum as a student. In short, to the best all-round
music student. This award will be a $5.00 gold piece and will be
given only to students who are in the music department the entire
DRAWINGS FROM THE GRADES— MODEIy DEPARTMENT
IN THE ART STUDIO
DEPARTMENT OF EXPRESSION.
EXPRESSION Includes the study of thought, the development of
feeling, and the power to express the same in such manner that the
audience will think, see and feel, as the speaker or reader. To gain
this power, the study of different selections has been taken up. The
picture is suggested to the student's mind in such a way that he can
grasp the thought, and by placing emphasis on the important idea —
the new thing presented, can convey the correct meaning. In this
line of work, much time and attention have been given to the study
of emphasis and words, phrases and sentences, pauses and inflection.
Voice training for the speaking voice is very important in the
study of elocution. Special attention is given to this part of the
work, for to be an orator, or reader, or for conversation, a well culti-
vated voice is necessary. The voice must be clear, strong, smooth,
durable and must possess the power of changing from one pitch to
another, so as to keep in harmony with the thought. For this voice
development and culture a number of practical exercises have been
given for development and strengthening the muscles at the waist, at
the same time strengthening the lungs and adding vigor to the body,
which renders it capable of greater powers of endurance; also giving
vigor and energy of speech. Holding muscles firm while counting,
also walking practice for breathing, repeating one or a number of
lines, holding muscles firm, all assist in voice production and give
necessary action of diaphragm. Vocal drill is given for fullness,
depth and purity of tone, opening throat and rounding lips and pro-
longing open vowel sounds to produce full round vibratory tones.
Also scale practice for climax and transition, rising and falling tones
and upward emphatic movement of the voice for pitch. ,
In the study of reading two things make up the work of the
reader. First: Grasp the thought at a glance, see and study the idea
66 MARSHALL COLLEGE
until it becomes a real picture to his own mind. Second: To express
it to his auditors with power and feeling that come with careful
thought. Following out this rule the study of reading has been made
very interesting. In gesture, negative and positive positions of body,
head, hand; also facial expression — all portraying the thought.
It is the aim in the work to remove faults and mannerisms, and
to establish correct use, freedom and ease; to give the student control
of the organs of expression. Curry's Classics for Vocal Expression is
the text used.
These texts contain selections from the works of Shakespeare,
Milton, Browning, Tennyson, Wordsworth, Scott, Byron, Shelly, Keats,
Burns, Goldsmith, Moore, Bryant, Longfellow, Whittier, Holmes,
Lanier, Trowbridge, Hugo, Eliot, Dickens, Macaulay, Carlyle, Burke,
Emerson, Prescott, Irving, Cooper, Beecher, Webster, Phillips and
For the completion of the Evolution of Expression, which requires
from four to five terms of work, certificates will be awarded.
More advanced work will be given to those who desire it.
A course for graduation has been arranged for, and students will
be prepared to take advanced standing at Emerson College.
The study of one or more of Shakespeare's plays each year will
be made a feature of the work.
TUITION: — $15 per term. This includes two private lessons each
week, and one or two class lessons per week.
For prizes offered in this department see Part XII.
It is through the study of art that a person reaches the height
of culture. Art teaches the student to see nature's blended effects
and appreciate the subtle beauties that are shut out from all except
her own chosen devotees.
Art links man's mind to his surroundings and unfolds to him
their many relations.
Art should stimulate and cultivate power, taste and appreciation,
and to this end the work is developed in the special, normal and
The general lines of work now almost universally followed are
five in number, viz:
1. Nature drawing.
3. Pictorial drawing.
4. Structural drawing.
5. Decorative drawing.
The drawings are developed first, with pencil and brush and ink
in outline and silhouette; second, in value (light and shade); third,
in color, in flat tones, colored crayons and water color; fourth, in
Drawing, developed in an orderly way, requires a consideration
first of position, that is, where the object or objects are to rest in the
picture, platn or on the paper, including the simple laws of per-
spective; second, a consideration of the comparative size and propor-
tion of things; third, shape.
The specific outline of fine color discrimination is developed,
first, through recognition of the spectrum colors; second, through the
various hues, values and intensities; third, by using these tones in
representation and design.
68 MARSHALL COLLEGE
SPECIAL COURSE IN ART.
This course offers an exceptional opportunity to those who wish
to turn their attention in this direction for the sake of the cultural
value, for the purpose of becoming artists or with the idea of training
as special art teachers in public schools. In addition to the above,
special courses are taught in drawing from the antique and from life
and in landscape composition.
The course for the normal classes will be a modification of the
above, to suit time and conditions, with the addition of clay modeling
and the principle of teaching drawing.
The work in the grades should be a modification of the normal
course, simplified for each grade, beginning with the first, where the
requirement is expression of ideas and neatness of execution.
Model grades, Free.
Normal class, Free.
Special Day class, per term, $15.00
Special Night class, per term, 8.00
Special Day and Night, per term, 18.00
These rates include both the enrollment fees and tuition for the
department. In case students have already paid their enrollment fee,
in order to enter some other department, that amount will be deducted
from the above tuition.
See Part XII for prizes offered in this department.
For further particulars address the head of the department.
Board, as spoken of here, includes room, light, fuel, and food.
In the case of club board the room is furnished and cared for by the
family from whom the students rent the rooms; in the case of private
board this is also true; in College Hall the girls furnish their towels,
soap, and bedding except the mattress; all other things are furnished
The figures given below are taken from the actual cost for the
past year, 1905-'06. Unless there should be crop failures or some
other causes for advancing the price of foods, of which we do not
now know, the figures given below should not vary for the coming
By a "month" below is meant "four weeks."
The School Year, from early September to the middle of June,
covers a period of forty weeks, including the Christmas holidays, and
is divided into three terms.
The Fall Term, extending from the September opening to the
Christmas holidays, varies, according to the earliness or lateness of
the opening from 13^ to 14% weeks.
The Winter Term, extending from the opening after New Year
to the latter part of March, varies in length from 10y 2 to 12 weeks.
The Spring Term, extending from late March to the June com-
mencement, varies from 12 to 13 weeks.
Board Per Month.
In Clubs $10.00 to $10.75
In College Hall 11.25 to 11.50
In Private Families 12.00 to 14.00
70 MARSHALL COLLEGE
Board Per Term.
Since the terms vary in length from eleven to fifteen weeks ot
course the cost per term varies accordingly. So we give the terms
(1). Fall Term.
Club Board $35.00 to $37.50
College Hall 39.00 to 40.00
Private Board 42.00 to 49.00
(2). Winter Term.
Club Board $25.00 to $26.75
College Hall 28.00 to 28.75
Private Board 30.00 to 35.00
(3). Spring Term.
Club Board $27.50 to $29.50
College Hall 30.75 to 31.50
Private Board 33.00 to 38.50
Board Per School Year.
Club Board $ 87.50 to $ 93.75
College Hall 97.75 to 100.25
Private Board 105.50 to 122.50
This item is a small one. The school has its own book-store and
sells new books to students 10 per cent below cost in general book-
stores. Second hand books are kept for sale also, the custom being,
that when a student has completed a text book he may leave it with
the college book-store manager for sale, the price depending of course
on how well the book has been cared for, but varies from 20 to 75
per cent of the original cost. As soon as such second hand book is
sold the amount realized therefor is handed to the original owner, or
if he has gone home in the meantime, the amount is forwarded to
With these apportunities for getting new books at reduced prices,
selling books no longer needed, and buying second hand books, the
book bill of our students is less than at any other school which does
MARSHALL COLLEGE 71
not have these facilities. The cost of books to a student depends
(1). On whether he wishes to sell any of his books already used.
(2). On whether he buys new or second hand books.
(3). On whether he is in our lower, intermediate, or higher
grades, the cost of the higher grade books, such as the sciences,
languages, etc., being considerably more than the cost of the books
used in our lower grades.
About $3.00 is the average annual cost for books in our lower
grades, and about $6.00 in the higher grades.
To all students this fee is $2.00 per term, payable when the
student enrolls, and is never refunded. It is charged all students
alike, whether from West Virginia or from another state, and is the
only fee West Virginia students pay — $2.00 per term, or $6.00 per year
— except in cases where they fail to make their term average of 70
per cent, see next section, under tuition.
No tuition is charged West Virginia students except in the follow-
(1). When a student fails to make an average of 70 per cent in
all his studies as is shown by his report at the end of any term he is
required to pay tuition at the rate of $6.00 per term till his grades
at the close of a term show a general average of 70 per cent, in which
case he is excused from paying tuition for the following term, and till
his general average falls below 70 per cent again. This rule is regu-
larly enforced and catches a few doless students every term. For
example: Mary Morton is studying algebra, grammar, history of
Greece, and physical geography, during the fall term. At the close of
that term in December the report shows that Miss Morton has made
74 per cent in algebra, 60 per cent in grammar, 80 per cent in Greek
history, and 62 per cent in physical geography. Adding these grades
and dividing by four, the number of studies carried, we have: 74 plus
60 plus 80 plus 62, equals 276; and 276 divided by 4, equals 69 per
cent, or one per cent below the required average of 70. Accordingly,
Miss Morton pays $6.00 tuition besides her enrollment fee for the
During the winter term she makes 76 per cent on her algebra, 84
per cent on her history, 80 per cent on her grammar, and 88 per cent
on her physical geography,a total average of 328 credits, which
divided by four, gives her 82 per cent general average on her winter
term's work, twelve more than the minimum. Accordingly, Miss
72 MARSHALL COLLEGE
Morton is excused from paying tuition for the spring term, and so on
until she fails to make her general average of 70 again, and students
seldom make this mistake more than once.
(2). Students from other states pay the $6.00 per term tuition
in addition to their enrollment fee.
Laundry varies from 50c to $1.50 per month according to how
much white and starched clothing one may choose to wear. Most
students pay from 75c to $1.50 per month for their laundry.
The various items enumerated above cover the necessary school
expenses; beyond these the matter is with the student or the parent,
as to how much additional is to be spent for pin money, etc.
Putting all necessary school expenses together — board, enrollment
fees, books, and laundry, — the cost of attending school at Marshall
College per term and per year are as follows:
To West Virginia Students.
Total School Expenses per Term $25.00 to $ 49.00
Total School Expenses per Year 87.50 to 122.50
To Students from Other States.
Total School Expenses per Term $ 31.00 to $ 55.00
Total School Expenses per Year 105.50 to 140.50
As stated above these are not mere estimates, but the actual cost
as recorded in the accounts gathered from various boarding clubs,
from College Hall, and from the list of private families who take
The records further show that the average necessary cost of a
year's schooling at Marshall College is less than $125.00.
This, of course, does not include "pin money," clothing, traveling
expenses, entertainments, etc., but these do not come under the
special heading of "necessary expenses;" they are necessary whether
at school or at home, except that they amount to more when at school,
owing to the extra attention paid to them.
Can any one complain of these figures, or find any school city
the size of Huntington, which offers young people an education at
lower rates than the foregoing?
MARSHALL COLLEGE 73
By "expenses," as outlined above, we have reference to the regu-
lar Normal and Academic courses. Our special courses in which
tuition is charged all students irrespective of what states they come
from, are the special courses in Art, Oratory, Vocal Music and Instru-
mental Music. See Parts VII, VIII and IX for these subjects.
DETAILS CONCERNING BOARD.
I. CLUB BOARD.
This style of boarding has come to be almost the only kind of
board for boys and young men in the best schools of the country, for
1. It is cheaper than any other kind, because it is "board at
cost." Private board owing to high rents and the high prices of food-
stuffs, has gone beyond the reach of nine-tenths of the young men
who go away from home to school.
2. It is the social way, the college boy's natural way to board.
3. It is the only way by which young men can have just what
they want, — as much, as little, as cheap, as expensive, when, and how
— and that means it is the nearest approach to American ideas of
4. It is a most potent factor in cultivating a college spirit and
college sentiments and opinions, a means by which college life is en-
abled to assert itself, to stand out by itself as opposed to the college
lifelessness, the lack of college individuality which characterizes those
schools in large cities where the student body distributes itself at the
close of each day into so many quiet dens, absorbed in the greater
life of the city, thus giving no opportunity for the crystallizing of
college sentiments and opinions.
5. It has practically all the advantages of private board, since
in this case — club board — the students have their rooms in private
families and come in close touch, in most instances, with the home
life of the family, the only difference being that, instead of eating
with the family, they go to the home of the family that conducts the
club, for their meals. Hence it is necessary to get out of doors at
least three times every day or miss a meal, which is not common
with students. In case of sickness meals are carried to the student
by friends in the club, and the attention of the mother of the family
where a student rooms is always at command in case of illness.
6. It is eminently respectable in every way, as much so as any
other kind of board, and is the kind of board all the leading schools
of the country are adopting for young men.
CLUB MANAGERS: These are selected as nearly as possible
from those most in need of financial help, and always from the sen-
74 MARSHALL COLLEGE
ior class if there be a sufficient number in that class really needing
the help, if not, then from the junior class ; but in selecting them we
feel under no obligation to select some one unsuited to do that
work, no matter how seriously he may need help.
It is not every young man, by any means, who can successfully
conduct a club, any more than can every man conduct a business suc-
cessfully. So, when a senior possessed of the requisite qualifica-
tions cannot be found, a junior will be chosen, or if no junior to
suit, then a lower classman.
A "Club Manager" should have these qualifications:
1. He should be thoroughly honest.
2. He should be cordial and direct in all his relations.
3. He should be a good business young man.
4. He should be economical, cautious, and industrious. No lazy,
careless, haphazard person should handle a club.
5. He should be a judge of eatables; a close watcher of the
markets, and a close but pleasant buyer.
6. He should be a leader, a born one.
7. He should be a good mixer, but not of the political type;
rather of the straightforward business man's type.
8. He should "stand well" among his fellow students and have
the respect of the faculty.
9. He should be absolutely clean morally and in every other
10. He should be a good collector.
11. His work in school should be of a high order.
12. He should be a good fielder, organizer, and financier.
13. He must be a good student, and a deserving, worthy, young
14. All things else being equal a senior is first choice, a junior
second choice, a third-years-man third choice, and so on.
Each club manager is, ex-oflicio, member of the faculty board-
ing committee and as such must assist in whatever ways that com-
mittee find necessary.
Each club manager must also regard himself as assistant to the
principal in the field work of the state and is expected to cooperate
with him (the principal) in such ways as seem best for working up
the attendance of the school.
No student is given a club who has not attended this school
before and has proven himself capable.
Each club manager will be expected to keep the principal in-
formed of any and all irregularities in the club, report the name,
place of rooming, and name of family with whom rooming, of every
student immediately after entering his club; report any changes in
his place of rooming, any misbehavior at the club, or other irregu-
larities the principal should know; notify the principal immediate-
MARSHALL COLLEGE 75
ly after any student has left his club and where he has gone, and
report promptly all cases of illness or irregularity to meals from
other causes, occuring in his club. And any club manager who is
found neglectful of any of these duties will be replaced by the
next one below him on the list. This has not been done during
former years, partly because the principal has not insisted upon it
and partly because managers were not notified. Hereafter, how-
ever, weekly reports must be duly sent in to the principal, made out
in due form on blanks furnished managers by the principal, and
any one failing to make such reports will be removed as manager.
The boarding committee of the faculty reserve the right to
appoint and to remove for cause all club managers, fix regulations
for the clubs, and rule who may and who may not board in a club,
it being the purpose of the committee that only those approved by
them shall take meals at a club. Of course this means that all stu-
dents who properly conduct themselves in the club may board there-
in, but it does not mean that any one, regardless of his connection
with the school, can do so. And when the manager is directed not to
admit, or longer permit to remain in his club, any person or per-
sons, such person or persons must be denied admittance at once on
penalty of the removing of the manager or the closing of the club.
The committee never has interfered to any extent, nor is it their
purpose to interfere so long as possible, for these matters should be
handled by the students as far as possible. But they reserve the
unqualified right to interfere at any time and to any extent deemed
advisable. This is necessary for the good of the clubs and of the
CLUB MATRONS: Clubs may be opened only at such places
and under such matrons as are approved by the committee. And the
matrons are expected to keep that part of their homes (for all clubs
are in the homes of the club matrons) used by the club in clean, neat,
tidy, and attractive condition, prepare all meals in the best possible
shape, work in harmony with the manager, advise and consult with
him on all matters pertaining to the club, serve the tables well and
keep the linen and other table ware in clean, orderly, and inviting
They shall also see that all members of the club are orderly
when in or about the club home, mannerly and gentlemanly in all
their bearing and conversation, and that the atmosphere of the club
shall be as nearly that of a well-regulated home as is possible.
The club matron is also expected to be a lady of sufficient re-
finement and carefulness to command the esteem and confidence of
the club, and she is expected to know how to keep the affairs of the
club in the same confidence as a discreet mother would her own
home affairs. Under no circumstances should a gossipy tongue, a
meddlesome brain, or a careless hand be placed at the head of a
76 MARSHALL COLLEGE
students' club. Tattlers, blatherskites, and slovens cannot be toler-
ated, and if found to be such, as matrons, the club will be taken
II. IN COLLEGE HALL.
THE HALL AND ITS SURROUNDINGS: On the completion of
the new west section of the college buildings they formed one
continuous block of five sections, facing 400 feet on 3rd Avenue and
College Avenue, 140 feet on 16th Street and 54 feet on 17th Street.
The three west sections are given up exclusively to school work
and the two eastern ones to dormitories for young ladies. These two
eastern, or ladies' dormitory, sections are known as College Hall,
which includes three wings, arranged in the form of a double cross,
the central division extending east and west, the eastern and west-
ern divisions north and south. The dimensions of these divisions
or wings are as follows:
The most eastern one, 26 x 55 feet.
The most western one, 40 x 70 feet.
The central one, 40 x 73 feet.
Each wing is three stories high besides a full basement story half
of which is above ground, and the knoll on which the buildings stand,
composed of sand, and rolling in every direction from the buildings,
provides such a condition as is especially favorable for a basement, it
always remaining perfectly dry no matter how wet the weather. It is
the most airy, the most healthful, and, in hot weather, the coolest spot
in Huntington. It is as well, one of the highest, commanding a beau-
tiful view in every direction. Approached by broad, paved walks, by
a wide driveway in the rear, and surrounded by green lawns of ex-
ceptional beauty, ornamented with stately old trees, this school home
for girls is one of rare beauty and attraction, in the opinion of many
visitors the most delightful, as well as the most beautiful, spot they
have ever seen, not overdone by attempts to make it artistic, but
naturally beautiful, and made more so by judicious contributions to
nature's efforts, through the hand of man.
All main hallways extend through both wings, and all floors are
reached by the same stairways — two. On the third avenue, or front
side, is a double veranda, 54 x 14 feet, and on the rear, connected with
the Principal's rooms, is one 22x8 feet.
The Hall is connected with the regular school buildings on first
floor by means of double doors, which when opened make the school
hall-way continuous with the College Hall hall-way, the entire length
being nearly even 400 feet. When the school is not in session these
doors are left open to give the young ladies of the Hall plenty of room
On second and third floors College Hall is not connected with
MARSHALL COLLEGE 77
the school buildings, a heavy brick wall with neither windows nor
doors separating the two above the first floor.
This hall cost, including furniture, $60,000.
The arrangement of the Hall is as follows:
The basement is given up to furnace room, cellar (under dining
room), and laundry.
The First Floor is occupied by two stair-cases the double par-
lors, matron's rooms, 'phone room, pantries, kitchen, dining room and
The Second Floor is occupied by the Principal's rooms, the guest
room, 16 girls' and teachers' rooms, a bath room, stair-cases, two
cross hall-ways and the main hall.
The Third Floor is occupied by two bath rooms, stair-cases, one
main and three cross hall-ways, and 22 girls' and teachers' rooms.
The smaller rooms for girls are 12 x 16 feet; the larger ones
26 x 18, and there are intermediate sizes.
WHO MAY BOARD IN THE HALL: Most of the lady teachers
board in the hall.
Lady teachers have rooms on both second and third floors. All
teachers and students have the same arrangements about board, and
all eat at the same time and at the same tables, one or more teachers
at each table.
Only regular students and teachers are allowed to board in the
Hall. Brothers, ssters, parents, and others may visit for a brief
season, but in no case except sickness are they expected to re-
main any length of time.
It is a home for lady students and teachers, and is so arranged
that the occupants need not go out in the weather in passing
to and from school, also, that they may have the long hall-
way for an exercise space when the daily sessions of school are
closed. This is a great convenience, a most valuable sanitary feature
of the girls' school life. Whether it rain or hail or snow, they still
have plenty of room for exercise.
No young gentlemen are admitted to College Hall to room, though
they may, when the dining room is not crowded, take their meals at
So much do parents and young ladies appreciate the advantages
and conveniences offered by this Hall, that for four years past all hope
of accommodating every one who calls for room in it has been aban-
doned, and each year from twenty-five to fifty have to be turned
away. So numerous have been the calls for room in College Hall
for the last two years that the need for a new hall has grown al-
most imperative, and a new one of like size, with the one we have,
could be filled the first year if it were only known that we had It.
CONVENIENCES: The building is heated by steam and lighted
by natural gas.
78 MARSHALL COLLEGE
Hot and Cold Water is furnished throughout the building, on all
floors, there being an automatic water heater in the basement which
furnishes nine gallons of hot water per minute; this heater is so regu-
lated that by keeping a small gas jet burning all the time, a number
of other jets are set a-burning the moment a hot water spigot is
opened anywhere in the building, and hot water in abundance may be
had at any moment night or day.
All Bath Rooms have hot and cold water connections, the girls'
bath rooms having two bath tubs each, porcelain finish, three wash-
bowls in a marble plate and two closets. Each of these is made pri-
vate by inside screens and doors to the several compartments in ad-
dition to the bath room door, and the private bath compartments have
There is a Laundry in the basement, with slate basins, stove for
heating irons, and hot and cold water connections. Here in strict pri-
vacy from public gaze, young ladies who prefer to do so, may do all
or a part of their laundry work if they choose.
Both Mutual and Bell telephone systems are connected with the
Hall, and through these, the Western Union telegraph system, thus
placing the occupants of the Hall in communication with all parts of
the world. Long distance 'phone connections are also a convenience
of the Hall.
In addition to the two stair-cases as a means of escape in case of
fire, the following are of special value:
1. The large veranda roof, 14 x 52 feet, to which access is made
by four double windows, two large single windows, and a double door,
from which roof escape is easy by ladder or by rope.
2. Through the principal's rooms, and the rear veranda, 8 x 22
feet, from which escape is easy by ladder or rope.
3. Two fire escapes, one from each section of the hall, and ex-
tending from the third floor windows to the ground.
4. Extending from basement to third floor in each section of
the building, both in the hall and in the school building, are 4-inch
water pipes, with a hose 60 feet in length connected with each pipe on
every floor, basement included, and water pressure sufficient to throw
a flood stream over 200 feet, the pressure being so strong that it
takes two muscular young men to handle each when the water is
turned on in full force. In case of a stampede there are three double
doors for exit on first floor, two single ones, and 18 large windows,
some of them double.
In addition to the conveniences named above the following are
1. Street car connections with all parts of the city and adjoin-
ing towns, the cars passing by the college gate, only 300 feet from
MARSHALL COLLEGE 79
2. The large, beautiful grounds for promenading, athletics and
3. The long hallway, over 300 feet, for promenading in bad
4. The college library and reading room, which will be open
every Sunday afternoon hereafter, for the hall girls, and is always
open on Saturdays, as well as on school days. This is on the first
floor of College Hall.
5. The immediate connection of the Hall with the school build-
ing, girls thus being able to pass from the Hall to class-rooms, "to go
to school," in short, without going out of doors. So, with all college
entertainments, lectures, commencement exercises, etc.
6. The large front veranda, 14 x 52 feet, a luxury indeed, sum-
mer and winter.
7. The college parlors, which are open to all Hall students.
ADVANTAGES: 1. The protection assured young ladies against
undesirable company, male or female.
2. The systematizing of their work. A time to work, a time to
sleep, a time to recreate, etc.
3. The oversight of a matron, whose sole duty it is to care for
the girls, to live for them.
4. Care and attention when sick.
5. Assistance when shopping.
6. Chaperons who can be trusted to diligently serve the young
7. Board at reasonable rates.
8. Opportunities for associating with the instructors of the
9. Facilities for culture in the way of receiving company, pre-
paring for company, table manners, hygienic culture, dress, conversa-
10. Counsel and advice from the principal, whose rooms are in
ROOMS: The rooms are furnished with bedstead, mattress, ward-
robe, dresser with mirror, chairs, table, light and heat. Students are
required to furnish their own bedding, (except the mattress) their
own napkins and towels, and keep their rooms clean and in order.
The simplest rules of hygiene demand this arrangement.
All rooms are furnished with drop-light gas lamps with Welsbach
burners, but all breakage of lamp, mantle, or other fixtures, about the
light after girls take possession of a room is paid for by the occu-
pants of the room.
While there is very little difference in the advantages derived
from the location of the various rooms, some preferring one floor,
some another, some preferring this room, some that, yet there is
some difference in a few Instances and the room rent has been sched-
80 MARSHALL COLLEGE
uled so as to average these differences.. It Is our opinion, and an
opinion formed after having our own rooms on the second floor of the
Hall ever since it was completed, January, 1898 — that the third is pre-
ferable in every way to the second, unless it be in case of fire, and
with fire escapes on every floor, and large hose, 60 feet in length,
with enormous water pressure for preventives from danger in this re-,
spect, there is little more danger on the third than on the second
We should prefer the third floor for three reasons: It is warmer
in winter, it is much more quiet, and the ventilation is very much
better because the long hallway on that floor extends the entire length
of the Hall and has a large double window at the end. But every
girl has her own ideas about such things.
Six of the lady teachers have rooms on the third floor and three
and the Hall matron on the second.
Wherever the room be located, there is practically no difference
as to the healthfulness of the location, witness the remarkably small
amount of sickness we have ever had in the Hall.
Located on a high terrace, in sandy ground, with perfect drainage
in all directions, plenty of sewerage, fine circulation of air, excellent
plumbing, and perfectly dry basements, with such conditions sur-
rounding the buildings there is practically no reason why College Hall
should not be almost immune against all ailments that come with
lack of pure air, pure water, and proper sanitary conditions.
ROOM RENT — First Floor: Rooms No. C. and D. are rated at
$16. per term, two in a room ($8. each); $18. per term, three in a
room ($6. each); or $20. per term, four in a room ($5. each). These
rooms are 18 x 26 feet.
Room No. 8 is rated at $10. per term, two in a room ($5. each).
This room is 12 x 16 feet.
Second Floor: Rooms 21, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33 and 34 are all rated
at $10. each per term, two in a room ($5. each person). No. 21 is the
lightest room in this list, but the partition separating it from the hall-
way does not extend to the ceiling, it being a section of the hall-way
cut off by a wood partition eight feet high.
All these rooms are 12 x 16 feet.
Room No. 17 is one of the most desirable in the house since over-
hauled and both 17 and 18 thrown into one room, 18 x 26 feet. It is
rated the same as Nos. C. and D. on the first floor.
Rooms No. 19 and 20, a suite, are rated at $13. per term, two in a
room ($6.50 each), $15. per term, three in a room ($5. each), or $16.
per term, four in a room ($4. each).
Third Floor: Rooms No. 41, 46, 47, 48, 49, 52, 56, 58, and 59
are all rated at $9.00 per term, two in a room ($4.50 each person).
These rooms are each 12 x 16 feet.
Room No. 37, since 37 and 38 have been thrown into one Jarp
MARSHALL COLLEGE 81
room, 18 x26, is one of the choicest rooms in the house, and is rated
at $14.00 per term, two in a room ($7. each), $16.50 per term, three
in a room ($5.50 each), or $18. per term, four in a room ($4.50 each).
Rooms 39 and 40, now that a nice large arch has taken the place
of a door between them, have become a desirable suite, and are rated
at $12. per term, two in the suite ($6. each), $13.50 per term, three
in the suite ($4.50 each), or $15. per term, four in the suite ($3.75
Rooms No. 42, 43, and 44 (three nos. or doors to two rooms) may
be used as a suite at $12.50 for two, $14.25 for three, or $15.50 for
four, per term. Room No. 45 is rated at $10. for two, ($5. each).
Suite Nos. 50 and 51 is rated at $14. per term for two, $15.75 for
three, and $17. for four. This suite has a large and airy bed-room,
a nice light work room with beautiful view, and is immediately at
the head of the east staircase.
Room No. 54 is the S. E. corner room with two windows, fine
view, exposed to the morning sun, and near the head of the staircase.
It is rated at $10. per term, two in a room ($5. each).
Room-rent is never refunded except when the girl who leaves be-
fore a term closes can find another girl to take her place in the hall,
in which case the girl may pay the one who is leaving the room for
the unexpired part of the term; the reason is quite evident when ex-
plained: There are always calls for more rooms than there are rooms
to rent; accordingly some girls must be left out; and if a girl leave
before the term closes, not only has some other girl who would, in
all probability, have remained the entire term, been denied room in
the hall, but should the state refund room-rent it would lose part
of a term's rent when the other girl would likely have paid the full
rent. And since the income for room-rent is much less than is neces-
sary to keep the hall in order, the state is obliged to enforce a rule
of this kind to protect itself against the loss of needed funds.
Room-rent in College Hall averages just half what it averages in
the city, and the expenses of running the Hall are more than double
the income from the room-rent; but, thanks to the state, this addi-
tional expense has always been met in the interest of the young
So numerous are calls for rooms during the last three years that
to be sure of one a girl should engage her room some time in advance
of the opening of the term, and "engaged" means "paid for" not mere-
ly "spoken for." First paid for, first served, is our rule.
All available space in the hall for the spring term is always en-
gaged two or three months in advance, and a number of rooms for
the year 1905-06 were paid for early in the preceding school year.
No room is intended to accommodate fewer than two girls, and
some suites are expected to accommodate three or four; but should
any girl wish a room to herself, she can be accommodated by paying
82 MARSHALL COLLEGE
the rate for two girls, unless there are more calls for room than we
can accommodate in the other rooms.
The two girls in a room may have two single beds or one double
bed, as they prefer.
DAMAGE FEE: A Damage Fee of $2.00 is deposited by every
student on entering the Hall. This fee is refunded when the student
goes home, provided no unnecessary damage has been done to the
room, the furniture therein, or to any school property about the build-
ings, in which case that part of the $2.00 is returned which remains
after settling damages. If at any time damage amounting to more
than this fee be done a new deposit must be made.
Room Rent and Damage Fees are both payable to Mrs. Means,
the Hall matron, who collects the table board funds, whose office
is in Room 16, on second floor, see statement under head of Table
Board. Mrs. Means collects all funds for the Hall and refunds any
money that is to be returned.
Before Damage Fees are returned the student must satisfy the
Hall Matron that no unnecessary damage has been done, or if any,
let her assess the amount, deduct the same from the $2.00 Damage
Fee, and return the balance. Before the Hall matron can give this
statement she must satisfy herself that her report is correct; for if
damages not already accounted for be dscovered at the end of the
year, the principal will hold the Hall matron responsible therefor and
deduct the amount from her salary, before final settlement with her.
It is required, therefore, of the Hall matron, that she know exactly
the condition of a room and the furniture therein when a girl moves
into it, and keep posted as to who is responsible for all damages out-
side of rooms, such as in hall-ways, on verandas, in parlors, etc.
Broken chairs, settees, sofas, etc., etc., are paid for by the careless
ones responsible therefor.
Damage Fees will not be returned hereafter for some days after
the adjournment of school, thus allowing the matron plenty of time to
inspect the rooms.
The occupants of a room are responsible for the furniture and
the condition of everything else in their own rooms, whether dam-
age be done by them or some other, unless they make known the one
who did the damage.
Sometimes girls leave water spigots open on leaving the bath-
room. These cause overflows which seriously damage the rooms be-
low. Such things result in damage from overflow of water. A fee of
?2.00 will ' be charged for every case of neglect. A fee of $1.00
is charge~d in every case of leaving the laundry gas burning or the
laundry spigots open. This will apply to teachers or students. Teach-
ers and students who are so careless of the interests of the State
should and will, make proper returns therefor. Carefulness in the
use of another's property is an essential part of a student's training.
MARSHALL COLLEGE 83
This carefulness should be observed especially in the following
1. Economy in the use of lights. Common honesty toward the
state would require that no lights be kept burning when not neces-
sary, just as in domestic economy.
2. Care of furniture. All necessary breakage or destruction of
property either in the school or in the Hall should be studiously
3. Windows should always be closed when leaving the room, ex-
cept when out for just a moment. No one knows when a rain storm
will come up and rain dash in a window, ruin some furniture, and run
through the floor, staining the ceiling below.
4. Turning the heat on and off in the register, which invariably
causes leakage, and damage to the room below.
5. Caring for the walls, by refraining from driving nails therein,
or tacks, or in any way abusing them.
6. Window shades should noways be left above a raised window
to prevent the wind from threshing them about or the rain from soil-
Neglect for such things as enumerated above, or of any other
feature of caring for the Hall, will be paid for by the one or ones
responsible therefor, for there is no excuse for either careless or
TABLE BOARD: The cost of board in College Hall will remain
the same as during the session of 1904-05, unless some unexpected fail-
ure of crops renders food-stuffs so high that an advance in rates
would be necessary to insure good board. All money paid in for
board goes to defray the expenses of conducting the boarding depart-
ment, including the employment of matrons, kitchen servants, and
the purchase of food stuffs. None goes toward furnishing the Hall.
Bills for furnishing are paid out of the charges made for room-rent.
TABLE BOARD IS $10 BER MONTH OF FOUR WEEKS, and is
payable in advance to the Hall Matron, Mrs. Means, at Room No. 16,
second floor. No deduction is made for paying board for more than
one month at a time, as it requires every dollar of the income from
this source to keep up the table, and by the table we mean the
food and service, as stated above.
No deductions will be made for table board for a shorter
period of absence than one week, unless it be the closing week of the
last term, when "days" will be considered. For example: If the
last month of this term have but three weeks and three days the
board for the month would be $8.55, instead of $10.
If a girl live near enough to spend every Saturday and Sunday at
home, her rates are arranged by the month, in advance, according to
agreement between her and the matron.
ONLY SEVERE ILLNESS will be regarded sufficient cause for
84 MARSHALL COLLEGE
absence when weekly deductions from table board may be made.
Anything else simply encourages irregularities of attendance and un-
necessary inconvenience in bookkeeping.
Meals will be served in girls' or teachers' rooms when the Hall
matron deems it a case worthy of such attention though this must be
limited to cases of illness of such a nature as to require extra care.
Little headaches and like petty ailments are not to be construed as
worthy of attention of this kind.
College Hall as related to Marshall Callege, is, in no sense of
the word, a boarding school, excpt so far as it is connected with a
school and is for young ladies; it is entirely free from the most ob-
jectionable features of a boarding school such as are connected with,
or go to make up, schools not under state control.
It is not a place to "make money" off the young ladies. The
State of West Virginia is not in the business on such a plan. Those
who have oversight of the Hall are in the employ of the state, and
their salaries are the same, — not a cent more or a cent less — whether
there be five young ladies in the Hall or one hundred. They are inter-
ested in filling the Hall with young ladies only for the young ladies'
sake and for the educational value they are to the school. All of
them, (the faculty), pay their board at just the same rate as the
young ladies, regardless of the number in the Hall. Hence, those
whose business it is to fill the Hall with young ladies, do so, not
that it means anything to them any further than the good of the
young ladies and the added educational strength they give to a
school, but as a duty.
The purpose is, to make the Hall as nearly as possible one big
family, each as much interested as every other in caring for the build-
ing and furniture, each equally interested in pleasing every other
member, and each equally interested in everything pertaining to
the welfare of all, ready to obey because it is the proper thing to do,
and most careful to do nothing that would bring pain or discomfort
to any other.
Be it said to the credit of the young ladies of the Hall who were
with us during the past session, there was much more of the cordial,
homelike, self-governing spirit, than we have ever had before, and
there were more girls than ever before in the Hall. The real won-
der is, how so little of unpleasantness could be possible with the number
of persons and the diversity of natures where so many
are housed in one building. It is gratifying to note, how-
ever, as one explanation, that the class of families represented
has been gradually on the up-grade from year to year, till we now
number among the patrons of the Hall some of the best families of
this and other states. But whether wealthy or humble as to this
world's goods, the spirit of cordiality is the same as if all were
equally blessed with financial possessions. There is no discrimi-
MARSHALL COLLEGE 85
nation or favoritism because of these things; all are on the same
footing, and those possessed of more of the means that minister to
material comforts vie with the rest in trying to do something to
make all about them happy. Indeed the popularity of the Hall is
largely due to the disposition of every one therein to try to make
new girls feel "at home" at once, and all girls happy.
GOVERNMENT: What about rules and regulations, the reader
may inquire. We answer: None if at all avoidable. At most, just
as few as possible. Well organized families need none, except the
unwritten laws of obedience, propriety and order, and the fewest pos-
sible, the better in any organization.
To be, and act as, a lady, under all circumstances, is the only re-
quirement; and entire respect for the opinions of those in authority
in the Hall is the preventive of rules.
PARENTS will please take notice of the following, which will be
observed to the letter:
1. If they send their daughters, or others, for whom they are re-
sponsible, here, they must send them wholly subject to the method of
conducting the Hall which the faculty deem best. The moment a par-
ent begins to interfere he will be invited to take the daughter away,
for while under our care we must decide what is best, and not he.
2. Young ladies do not receive callers at the Hall. Every Sat-
urday evening the Hall is open to young gentlemen who are invited by
the chairman of the Hall committee. Any young lady is permitted to
request that any particular young man be invited, but the lady chair-
man, just as a parent in the home should do, must decide whether
the young man is of a character such as should be permitted to associate
with the young ladies of the Hall; if not, his name is stricken from
the list without further explanation.
These Saturday evening socials are under the supervision of the
teachers and matrons, and continue from 8 to 10 p. m.
3. Now and then a parent writes, — at the request of his daugh-
ter, of course, — to the principal, requesting that a certain young man
be permitted to call on his daughter whenever fhe daughter wishes it.
Such requests are kindly, but studiously ignored, because what one
parent requests all have liberty to request, and a "pretty mess" we
should have of it if such requests were complied with. One can hardly
conceive of a sensible parent's making such a request for a daughter
away at school, but unfortunately there are such thoughtless ones.
Happily, however, nearly all parents send their daughters here to
study, not to entertain young men, and when they ask for favors they
thoughtfully add. "if this does not conflict in any way with your regu-
lations, and if so, please ignore it." We have no trouble with the
girls whose parents write this way, or seldom do. All such requests
should be addressed to Mrs. Laura Means, and not to the principal.
Calling on the young ladies of the Hall is permitted when and to
8G MARSHALL COLLEGE
whom the Hall matron sees proper, and she is a most reasonable lady.
As a rule, however, all calling consistent with school propriety
and with good work, can be done at the Saturday evening socials.
4. Study Hours are from 2:00 to 4:30 p. m. and from 7:00 (7:30
in late spring), to 9:45 p. m., during which time no visiting is per-
mitted, and quiet must be maintained. This is essential to good study.
5. Leaving the Grounds is allowed only when permission has
been obtained from the Hall matron. We must know where the
young ladies are if we are to be responsible for them.
6. Parents often give permission to their daughters to go out to
spend the night in the city or neighborhood. This may seem a simple
permission to them; but we who know the city and its people better
than they, deem this a very unwise permission and it cannot be given.
The daytime is long enough for city calls.
7. Some parents permit coarse, rough, drunken, even indecent
young men to call on their daughters. If they wish that, they must
not send them to the Hall, for only decent, refined young men, or
those who are conducting themselves in a manner that will not
bring reproach upon those on whom they call, are permitted, so far
as we can find them out, to mingle with the young ladies at their
8. We must use our judgment as to where young ladies are to
go, who goes with them, and how often. If close to the city, of
course, young ladies are permitted to go home somewhat often, pro-
vided they miss no lessons; but even this is not best, at least it is
We therefore very respectfully notify parents that when they
send their daughters to the Hall they must send them subject to
the government of the Hall; we can receive them on no other terms.
If they wish special liberties granted their daughters we must know
in advance what they are, for if they in any respect conflict with our
Hall government, they cannot be granted.
9. Every privilege consistent with the safety, culture, and educa-
tion of young ladies is assured them and their parents in advance.
NO FATHER OR MOTHER who knows anything of the advan-
tages of school days spent in a Hall where there are educated
teachers, kindly matrons, considerate young ladies, the oversigt of the
principal of the institution whose interest as well as whose business
it is to see that lady students are protected and cared for in every
way, the counsel and sympathy of lady teachers who have only the
good of young ladies at heart, safe company into the city when they
need to go, unselfish advice when they wish to purchase anything or
make other expenditures, trustworthy escorts to church, and every
other convenience and protection that can possibly be had in the
absence of parents, with all these, we repeat, that no father or
MARSHALL COLLEGE 87
mother who loves his or her child and would protect her, will hesi-
tate a moment in deciding whether she should board among strangers
who have little or no interest in her save for her money, or at a
Ladies' Hall. Among strangers she is thrown with whatever com-
pany the family may have, be that of the class it may, (we teachers
who select boarding places cannot always know that), and often no
special interest is taken in her culture, she 2s classed with the society
of those with whom she boards, and wiien sick, too often receives the
attention that is accorded a soldier in camp, or less. How much
better to be where teachers will see that she has the best of care and
attention when sick, where her culture is made a matter second not
even to her education, where her company is assured to be of the
better class, and where she is among friends.
We cheerfully grant that not all boarding places are such as we
mention. Not a few families have proven themselves as good and
kind as they could be to our students when sick. But, unfortunately,
this is a matter that requires the greatest precaution. It is all well
enough to get board at reasonable rates. That is the right thing to
do; but it is well also to remember that in this respect, as in many
others, the cheapest can be the dearest.
Young women, especially, can exercise good judgment and
economy nowhere with better results than in the selection of boarding
places. Each year greater care is exercised in the selection of board-
ing places for our students, because we realize how much it means
to them in more ways than simply "the board."
As a precaution, a means of social and educational culture, as
security for careful attention when sick or needing assistance or
advice in any way, first last, all the time, we recommend College Hall
for lady students unless they have worthy relatives or friends in the
city. Even then with many young ladies, and especially with the
younger class, College Hall is the proper place if they would do their
best work and be free from needless outside interference and hurtful
influences in the way of detracting from study interest.
Strange. — Now and then a parent brings one or more daughters
to the Hall and not only speaks in their presence of the probability
of their getting homesick, but even stays in town one or more days
to see whether they really do become homesick, (who would not,
under such circumstances?) calls two or three times per day while
here to inquire whether they are homesick and then finally leaves
with the parting advice that if they get homesick they may come
home. Odd! Odd in the extreme! Yes more. To one who has been
trained in that "home school of obedience" which simply said "go,"
"come," or "stay," such latitude to children seems dreadful. Children
with such instructions invariably are whiny, hard to please, hard to
get along with, undesirable in many ways. If parents send children
88 MARSHALL COLLEGE
here with liberty to do their own choosing (the children we mean)
we prefer not to have them. Unless parents care to see where their
children are going and those in whose care and training they are to
be placed — which are excellent things to do, — it is better to send the
daughters and give them a lesson in self-reliance in coming alone.
We always want to know the parents, if for no other reason, — and
there are many — to know how and to what extent to allow for the
peculiarities of the child, for we all have our peculiarities.
Mrs. Means, the lady selected to take charge of College Hall as
matron to the young ladies therein, is a lady of culture, of refine-
ment, of the very highest Christian character, is kindness itself, has
been a mother -and has the sympathy, solicitude, and deep interest of
a mother in her work here which any true mother has for her
daughters. She is firm, but combines firmness with reason and kind-
ness so fully that no reasonable girl can take any exceptions whatever
to her ruling. Only one who has been a mother can do well the
work devolving upon a matron in a position like this, for only such
knows the delicate duties connected with caring for girls. Parents
can with with perfect safety and confidence entrust the oversight of
their daughters to her, and in doing so feel assured that they will
be cared for as thoughtfully as they are in their own homes.
Mrs. Everett, first assistant to the principal of the school, and a
lady of maturity, dignity, culture, and scholarship, who also has
known the feelings and experiences of a mother, assists Mrs. Means
in all her work, both with her advice and her service.
In addition, there are several other lady teachers to share in the
work of supervision when their assistance is needed.
It will thus be noted that practically every precaution has been
taken to throw around our girls the best possible safeguards in school
and out, so that not only may their residence here be pleasant and
profitable, but that we may return them to their parents better than
when they came.
Care is taken also to get rid of undesirable girls just as soon as
we find them such, and we have no hesitancy in sending an unworthy
girl home, without any ceremony whatever, just as soon as we are
assured that she is unfit, from speech or act, to associate with our
girls, or as soon as' we find her more inclined to boys than to books,
or to evil than to good. The place for such is not at this school and
they cannot stay here.
Girls coming to the Hall must come subject entirely to the regu-
lations therein. Suggestions from parents so long as they do not
conflict with our regulations are kindly heard and carried out, if
possible, but they must not run counter to the established rules for
governing the Hall.
NOTE:— All teachers and students who have rooms in the Hall
MARSHALL COLLEGE 89
are expected to take their full board there; and when they wish to
take even one meal per day outside, because of a capricious appetite,
they will be expected to procure their rooms outside at once; there
are too many demands for room and full board in the Hall to have
some taking only part board. Both teachers and students are
requested to ask nothing of this kind; it cannot, it will not be
III. IN PRIVATE FAMILIES.
Board can be had in private families from $12.00 to $14.00 per
month, but students wishing board of this kind should correspond
with us in advance to save time after their arrival.
IV. CO-OPERATIVE BOARD.
This system of board, in its infancy at this school, may figure as
one of the best in due time.
Briefly stated it is conducted as follows: Any number of ladies,
from two up to as many as can be accommodated, rent a suite of
rooms, divide the work of keeping them, cooking, buying, etc., bring
as many things from home as possible, and thus save all expenses of
service, supervision and other items which add to the cost. Under
this system as tried so far, board, everything included, has been kept
as low as $7.50 per month, or $2.00 to $2.50 lower than club board.
This means co-operative board for ladies, for gentlemen will eat
about one to two dollars per month more food than ladies.
Sometimes brothers and sisters make arrangements of this kind
and find it very cheap. In such case the father or older brother
should come and select the house or the suite of rooms desired, as
the boarding committee of the school might not always succeed in
selecting just what is wanted, though they are always glad to help.
V. KEEPING HOUSE.
In several instances, more each year, a mother or older sister
rents a suite of rooms or a small house, brings several of the family,
sometimes friends and relatives, and conducts regular housekeeping.
Smaller children come also, now that there is a model department
for children of all ages from five years up. This is the ideal plan,
and cannot be too highly commended.
If only parents and young people would take pains to investigate,
they would be surprised to find how many ways there are by which
the best schools of the state can be made accessible to all who are
anxious for an education. Particularly is this the case at Hunting-
ton, the largest town in West Virginia in which a state school is
90 MARSHALL COLLEGE
located. Education, higher education, is coming more and more to be
a matter of "wish" instead of "a way." The way is at the hand of
practically every one who will look about and find it.
GENERAL REGULATIONS AND
1. Every student is expected to carry at least three regular
studies, and four if he is able to do so, except in the following cases:
(1). Teachers who wish to carry one or more studies while
teaching in the city or adjoining towns or rural districts.
(2). Married persons, very mature persons, or men and women,
(young or old) who are engaged in business and cannot carry more
than one or two studies.
(3). Students who wish to give special attention to music, art,
(4). Those suffering from any physical ailment such as weak
eyes and who furnish a physician's certificate stating such to be a
These cases will be considered by the faculty, who insist upon
the right to pass final judgment in all such matters.
2. Students from other states are required to pay tuition at the
following rate. For one study $2.00 per term. For two studies $4.00
per term. For three or more studies $6.00. They pay their enroll-
ment fee of $2.00 per term in addition to this.
3. Private lessons in any subject taught by the faculty will be
given at the following rates:
One person only, per lesson, one hour 50c
Two persons, each, per lesson, one hour 37MjC
Three persons, each, per lesson, one hour 30c
Four persons, each, per lesson, one hour 25c
Five persons, each, per lesson, one hour 22c
92 MARSHALL COLLEGE
More than five, each, per lesson, one hour 20c
To regular students who wish to make up back work, one-half
the above rates will be charged.
4. Students who come here for the purpose of carrying music
only, art only, oratory only, or any two or more of these subjects,
unless they live in town, will be required to give at least four full
hours per day besides their recitation hours, to their practice work
in those subjects.
5. All students, in whatever departments they may be engaged,
are required to attend chapel exercises, which are conducted twice
per week, Tuesday and Thursday, from 10:15 to 11:00 a. m.
6. No student is permitted to board anywhere or room anywhere
except in places approved by the boarding committee; and should
anyone be found in a place not approved by the committee he or she
will be notified at once to move, on penalty of being dropped from
Mothers and fathers of the homes where students room are
expected to look after such details as are consistent with the situa-
tion, to treat them as they would have their own sons and daughters
treated were they away at school or dependent on strangers for room
and such courtesies and kindnesses as should be shown a boy or girl
away from home.
They are expected also to report promptly and fully every case
of unnecessary abuse of furniture or house when prompt reparation
is not made to them by the student; also all irregularities of hours,
noisy company, an unnecessary amount of company, unnecessary
noise in rooms or the undue soiling of them.
Students are expected to exercise more care in the use and enjoy-
ment of the homes in which they have rooms than if they were at
home, avoiding always any thing that would cause unpleasantness in
the homes where they are located. If things do not suit them they
should prefer their requests in a most kind and courteous manner,
and if not complied with there are always other places. But both
students and the parents of the homes are expected to meet each
other half way in all matters of difference without jar or friction.
7. When a student wishes to change his boarding or rooming
place, permission must first be obtained, if a gentleman, from Mr.
Fitzgerald, if a lady, from Miss Johnson, and satisfactory reasons
therefor must be given. They must give the number of the house
and the name of the family so that the committee may intelligently
pass upon the advisability of the change.
There are several reasons for this regulation. Those refusing to
comply with it may expect their names to be dropped from the roll
of the school at once. We cannot be responsible for the success of a
student unless we have something to say about his boarding place,
MARSHALL COLLEGE 93
for with whom he boards is a matter of first importance to a student's
The boarding question is an important one but can easily be settled
after one reaches the college unless one wants to board in the Hall,
in which case it is important to attend to this matter early.
It is well, especially if you are a young lady, to let us know on
what train you will arrive unless there is someone with you who
knows the city.
Students are not permitted to board or room in those parts of
the city where either the water is unhealthful, or the surroundings
undesirable. Searching investigation of the premises where students
board and room will always be made before locating them. It is often
too late afterward.
Students are expected to report to the principal's office for
enrollment within twenty-four hours after their arrival in the city,
and sooner if convenient.
Every student who does not board in College Hall is expected to
report to the principal the number of the house (street number) and
the name of the family where he has his room and where he takes
his meals, within twenty-four hours after enrolling. Failure to attend
to this regulation will be followed by investigation, and, if premedi-
tated, suspension or expulsion.
Enter on the opening day of the term and stay till the term has
8. A rule of the state board of regents requires that juniors and
seniors shall be limited to five full studies, — 25 regular recitations
per week, — and under no circumstances shall they carry more than
this for a longer period than one term within these two years, and
then not more than six studies for that one term, and this shall not
be permitted except with the unanimous consent of the faculty.
9. There are few offenses against the successful work of a
school that are regarded more serious at Marshall College than those
of irregularity to classes withoout good cause, or leaving the building
before one's recitations for the day are over without notifying the
teacher or teachers of said class or classes. Such things will not be
tolerated; and if persisted in will be punished severely. Several
young men have been expelled for such things, and others will be if
Not only is a student expected to be in school every day he is
at all able, after enrolling, but he is expected to be present at every
recitation unless excused by the teacher.
Under no corcumstances is a student permitted to change from
one study to another, drop a study for any reason, or take up a new
study, without consulting his "class officer" and getting his written
94 MARSHALL COLLEGE
When a student withdraws from this school or any of its five
branches, or is dropped by the faculty, for cause involving his in-
tegrity, honor, or other like reason such as disobedience, good-for-
nothingness, etc., and wishes to enter any other of the state schools
of West Virginia, he must present a written permit to do so from
the principal or president of the school from which he has withdrawn
or has been dropped, before he can enter.
All students who have not been in this school before and are
not vouched for by some member of the faculty must bring a letter
of recommendation from some thoroughly reliable citizen not related
to them, on presenting themselves for enrollment.
Very many parents and young people write us to inquire about
appointments. Do not forget that no appointment is needed. That
is all attended to after students arrive. Simply get a letter of recom-
mendation, for that is necessary for all new students.
11. Every student is expected to notify the principal before leav-
ing the city, whether temporaryily or to withdrow from the school,
and state the reason. In no other way can the principal keep posted
as to the whereabouts of students in order that he may answer calls
for them by telegram of by friends and relatives. Any student leaving
the city without the principal's permission may expect to be dropped
from the rolls unless satisfactory explanation be made in due time;
and anyone withdrawing from the school without giving notice of the
time and cause, may expect to be denied re-admittance at any future
time, unless due explanation be made.
12. The use of tobacco in any form on the school grounds, the
frequenting of saloons, or the drinking of intoxicants while a student,
no matter whether on or off the grounds, in the city or out of it, will
be treated as offenses of sufficient gravity to require withdrawal from
school, or, in case of extenuating circumstances, suspension.
13. Good students are in their rooms after dark and during other
study hours except when they can give an entirely satisfactory reason
for not being there.
No student ever got any inspiration to study by lounging on
the streets. Lounging is usually the beginning of "failure."
Hotel lobbies are about the least respectable resorts in the
world for students. Avoid them.
Every good student is at his books at least two hours every
afternoon and at least three hours every night. Any less than this
means not up to the standard — not a success.
14. Sometimes parents who send children here to school send
us word to look after all expenses and send bills to them. We are
glad to do this, but every student should have his $2.00 "Enrollment
Fee" with him when he enrolls. By so doing much inconvenience in
bookkeeping can be saved us. Please do not forget the regulation
which requires that the "Enrollment Fee" must be paid before the
MARSHALL COLLEGE 95
student can enter his classes, also the "Tuition Fee" in case of
students coming from other states.
Every student who handles his own money should either deposit
nearly all of it in his home bank before leaving home then pay his
bills, by checks, or should, on arriving here, draw a check on his
home bank for the amount needed for the term, at least for some
time, deposit the check in a Huntington bank and pay his bills by
checks thereon or by drawing out small amounts by check as he
needs cash. This not only is safer than carrying one's money about
in one's pocket or having it locked in one's trunk but is more busi-
ness-like and usually teaches economy by having a balance statement
of one's capital before one's eyes every time one draws a check.
Parents who wish their children's money handled by some one
connected with the school can make such arrangement by writing
the principal, who appoints a member of the faculty to assume this
responsibility and keep an itemized statement of all expenses and
for what purpose made. Blanks for this purpose are kept on hand.
15. In no way, seemingly innocent in itself, can a strange girl
cause a whirl of unsavory gossip about herself any more quickly than
by buggy-riding with a gentleman or with a "loud" woman in a
strange town of any size. Once we have been compelled to send a
girl home from this school to silence such things. Consequently, on-
ly with lady members of a family or relatives who live in this city,
or with the permission of Mrs. Everett, dean of women, is a lady ex-
pected to go buggy-riding while a student here. Girls must not for-
get that they cannot do as they do at home, when attending school.
The public eye is especially critical of a girl student away from
If you choose questionable associates you yourself become ques-
tionable at once. Men of a kind, and women too, naturally at-
tract each ather. You are judged by your associates no matter what
excuse you make. The first "pointer" as to your character the
principal gets after your arrival here, is the students or the city people
you select as your associates.
16. Now that the school is much too large for the principal to
act as personal adviser to all students in all things of lesser moment,
each student on enrolling will be furnished with a card stating which
member of the faculty is to be his personal adviser, and he will con-
sult that teacher in all matters in which he needs counsel, and the
teacher will consult with the principal in all cases requiring especial-
ly careful decision. Of course the principal will always be approach-
able to all students when they wish to advise with him. Every stu-
dent should know the principal, personally, and he should know every
student personally, if possible, know their home life, their financial
and social situation, their ambitions and their limitations. Unless
he do, he cannot know their needs either as he would like to know
96 MARSHALL COLLEGE
them, or as he needs to know them to do his best by them as stu-
dents. One of the first things, therefore, a student should do after
entering school, is, to have a plain talk with his consulting in-
structor, and as soon afterwards as possible, with the principal or
president. Tell them your situation and your aspirations, my young
friend, and you will then be sure of justice when your name comes
up before the faculty. You will be sure of more; you will have
two persons sufficiently interested in you to favor you when opportu-
nity arises, to look out for helping you in the way you most need.
1. Come the full year if possible.
2. Get acquainted with the best students.
3. Join one of the literary societies within the first month after
4. Attend the exercises of the "Lecture Course."
5. Take part, and take part earnestly and enthusiastically, in all
the students' exercises approved by the faculty. We like and the
students like enthusiastic boys and girls.
6. Good study means a good appetite, a good appetite means a
clear head and a warm heart. In order to have the appetite one must
exercise at least "one hour" each afternoon, and exercise vigorously.
Take plenty of exercise and take it between 2 and 7:30 p. m.,
sometime; not earlier, not later.
Take part in athletics. It pays the school to have hearty, vigor-
ous students, and it pays the students.
7. See that you are in the study hall at intervals between reci-
tations. Lounging in hallways, on verandas, or on the grounds be*
tween 8 a. m. and 1:15 p. m. may result seriously.
8. Take the full course. It pays. The world likes a boy or girl
who completes, who finishes things.
9. Never write on the walls or on the furniture of the buildings;
no matter what one writes, this is always an evidence of grossness.
10. Uncombed hair, unblacked boots, soiled collars or shirt bos-
oms, carelessly tied neckties, untrimmed (at least uncleaned) finger
nails, unclean teeth, unbrushed clothing, walking or standing habitu-
ally with hands in the pockets, a slouchy walk, these are the marks
of inexcusable carelessness or of unpardonable neglect, and go to
help unmake a gentleman.
11. To expectorate on anybody's floor, private or public, whether
it be in one's home, in another's, or in a public building, is in-
decent, vulgar, dangerous, and in many places criminal.
12. Always take off your hat to your teacher when you meet him
on the grounds, on the street, or elsewhere out of the class-room.
BASKET BALIv TEAM
MARSHALL COLLEGE, 97
Do this for your own sake and for the sake of the tone of the school,
if not for the teacher.
13. Read the list of text books used in this school, (see under
that head in the index), and bring those books that can be used here.
14. Do not forget that special railroad rates can be gotten when
as many as ten come from any one point.
15. Never go off and leave your books lying in the study hall
or anywhere else about the building. They are not too heavy to carry
with you, or should not be. We cannot be responsible for losses thus
16. Learn the rules of the library before taking advantage of
17. If you come to board in College Hall, see that all bed-
clothing and all wearing apparel have been carefully examined, so
that the unnamable insect which gets into the best of homes now and
then, — the "cimex lectularius" as zoology calls it, — may not come
The Hall is thoroughly renovated every summer, once in June and
once in early September, thus assuring ourselves that it is in first-
class order. The beds are thoroughly attended to once a month dur-
ing the school year also, and the girls who room in the Hall are ex-
pected to do the rest.
Boys and girls coming to room in the city in other people's
homes should always look out that they bring nothing of the kind into
those homes, and if they find them already there they should report
at once to the mother of the home.
18. Do not hesitate to come to school because you are out of
your teens or twenties or thirties even. If we had our preference we
should have no graduate under 21. It is much easier to find them
good positions when mature. Every year we enroll students who are
married, who realize that when an education is needed there is no
19. Make your school your home. Treat it as your home and it
will so treat you. You will be received just as you receive others,
loved just as you love others. Be loyal to your school and your
teachers, and help make the school a part of yourself as well as your-
self a part of your school. Let your motto be: "I'll do everything in
my power to make the school glad I am a part of it and myself glad
that it is a part of me."
20. If any one wants informaton not given in this catalogue write
for it and we shall promptly answer.
21 GOING TO SCHOOL: A few years at the head of a school
of a few hundred students gives one a deeper insight into the aim-
lessness, the lack of well-defined purpose, the meaninglessness, the
drifting tendency, the lack of persistence, the helplessness, the good-
for-little, and, in too many cases, the good-for-nothingness of a large
98 MARSHALL COLLEGE
per cent of young people. It is truly dreadful to observe and to re-
flect upon these things. It is no wonder there are bosses in our city,
county, state and national political campaigns, in social competition,
in business enterprise, in almost all departments of life. To contem-
plate the situation one can not help excusing monopolies, trust mag-
nates, princes of finance, and bosses great and bosses small to a
large degree. All these are but the natural outgrowth of a condition.
There could be no bosses if there were not hundreds, thousands, mil-
lions who prefer to be bossed, or who cannot help themselves be-
cause they have carelessly, if not criminally, let their opportunities
for meeting and crushing the bosses pass. What can we expect but
bosses in all lines of 1 work and in all situations so long as but a
handful of our young people show any purpose in life, any genuine
back bone, any real manly spirit of individuality, personality or inde-
pendence? A pretty mess we'd have of it in some situations if we
had no bosses; at the helm they are better than blubber back-bone,
for all bosses have some well-defined purpose. They are not drifters,
but pushers, pullers, leaders, men of ability of some kind and are
willing to try to use it independently.
22. FULL YEAR ATTENDANCE: Only a few years ago was it
the rare exception that students from a distance came to attend school
the entire year. Now a large per cent of our attendance from a
distance is for the full year; and what a difference in the work and
in results! What a difference in the system and the thoroughness
with which class work is done! What a difference in the entire
work of the school and what a difference to the students in their
relations to the school as well as in the thoroughness of their work!
The class work is much better, the work is easier, and yet more
thorough, the literary societies are better, there is much more read-
ing and investigation, the College spirit is remarkably improved, the
social feature is so much better it seems another place, the students
enjoy the school better, like their schoolmates better because they
have time to get acquainted with them, there is more homelikeness
about it, there is more enthusiasm, chapel is more interesting and
better, every phase of life and work in the school seems absolutely
rejuvenated; why? Try attending school by piecemeal once and then
try it by the full year and see why. The very atmosphere of the
school changes for the better to both students and teachers for the
simple reason that the school becomes the home of the students in
a large measure; they are here three-fourths of the year; if here
but one term the school seems more like a work-shop or visiting place.
It takes time to convert a new place into homelikeness. It takes
time to learn to like strangers well. It takes time to learn how to
study. We candidly believe that more solid results are derived from
one session of nine months than in fifteen months of broken attend-
ance. Has the reader ever attended school three of four days per
MARSHALL COLLEGE 99
week and missed one or two days per week? Has he missed about
one recitation out of three? Or has he ever taught and had a pupil
do these things? If so, how about the progress made? How about
the interest in the work? This is the same thing, on a smaller scale,
as attending school by broken terms.
There are thousands of young persons solving this problem this
way every year. At Marshall College are at least fifty young men and
women each year who solve this problem without any help. Some do
janitor work at the school buildings, some manage students' clubs,
some wait on table and assist in house work in private homes and
boarding houses, (not simply girls, boys as well; indeed they are
mostly boys,) some assist our city livery men, some work at the bar-
bers' chair at evenings and on Saturdays, some do work on Saturdays,
holidays and special days in dry goods stores, groceries and other
mercantile houses, and so on through the list. The principal does his
best to assist in procuring such places, but the majority of the boys
who thus earn their school money skirmish around and find these
places. Many of the young men get employment for the summer at
wages much better than they can command at home, and stay here
from one year's end to the next until through school.
Most of those who formerly came by single terms did so because
they thought it impossible to do otherwise owing to their financial
situation. In some cases it was almost impossible to do otherwise.
But when the majority of those who were attending one term per
year began to count the difference in the time required to finish their
education in that way and by attending full years, they realized at
once that it might be economy in dollars and cents to throw all their
energies and time into the work, to count the gain by doing so, and
then to see if there was not some way to arrange things to meet the
financial requirements of coming here full years. A vigorous,
earnest, promising boy or girl's head once set to work to solve a
problem like this, solves it completely in more than nine cases out
of ten. Indeed it is a matter very much more of the boy or girl than
of money. What a boy or girl can do depends almost wholly on who
he or she is, the material of which made; and what a boy or girl
of good material decides to do because best for him or her to do,
that is what he or she finds it possible to do when the cost is
counted — that is what he usually does. Why do not more young men
and women throw the whole power of their personality — their will,
their business judgment, and their inventive genius — into the solution
of this problem of pushing their education to a finish at the earliest
possible moment? If they will but thus apply themselves to the solu-
tion of the problem, the number of those who attend school full
sessions will be more than doubled at this school next year. My
young friends, serously consider this matter.
The janitor's work at the school is at least twice as much as one
100 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
man can do, but we never employ more than one regular janitor; all
the rest of the work is given to students.
What kind of boys and girls are those who work to pay all or a
part of their expenses? Easily answered. The fact that they are will-
ing to do this work to educate themselves, really answers this ques-
tion; they are among the very best students; they are respected for
their enrgy and lose no esteem or social standing because they work;
in the estimation of the principal and the faculty of the school they
rank all the higher because, they are willing to help themselves.
There are other young people here, quite a number of them, who
borrow money from friends, relatives, or others, some take out life
insurance policies and turn them over to those from whom they bor-
row till the money is returned.
Still others have other ways of getting through school. But the
question is, get through, and get through by attending full sessions if
at all possible — and there are very few with whom it is not possible.
With those, however, with whom it is not possible to come full
years, we are just as deeply in sympathy; special pains are taken
when they do come to give all the work they can do well, and to
give them the studies they feel that they most need.
The final question is, whether it be by full sessions or by part
sessions, educate yourself. Let not the mad rush for money that has
so savagely taken hold of the people of all countries within the last
decade blind any young man or woman to that most serious of all
public questions for the young people of today, that question which
appeals to all alike: The young people of today are to be the citizens,
the teachers, the ministers, the officials, the statesmen, the jurists of
tomorrow; do not forget that each succeeding generation is going to
demand better educated people for these places; do not forget that
more and more a man or a woman's education is to be his or her pass-
port into good society, into positions of trust, honor, and money.
The question is not so much how soon young people educate them-
selves, though that means much, but whether they do it at all. We
admire very much the push and sticking qualities of young people who
come to us one term per year from session to session. To stick to a
thing means very much. Many of the best graduates have been those
who came but one term per year till they had reached their senior
year. We want you, want you educated, and are . glad to have you
even one term per year. Come as much each session as possible, but
be sure to come. We'll find classes for you and you'll find very warm
friends. The very heartiest welcome to you at Marshall College,
PRIZES, REWARDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS.
AWARDED,— SESSION OF 1905-'06.
The "Grade Prize," $5.00 in gold, was won by Miss Ethel Waddell,
she having led the entire school for each of the three terms, with the
Fall Term 96 3-5
Winter Term 97 ^4
Spring Term 97 %
The "Crumrine Prize," $15.00, fell to two young ladies in the ratio
of two to one. Ten dollars was awarded Miss Helen Randall of Har-
rison coimty, and $5.00 went to Miss Tressie Hearholzer of Cabell
The "Beethoven Prize," a $10 gold piece, was awarded to Miss
Esther Crooks of Jackson county.
The "Mozart Prize," a $5.00 gold piece, was awarded to Miss Eva
Fling of Gilmer county.
The "Jordan Prize," a $5.00 gold piece, went to Joe Davidson of
The "Furnell Wreath" went to the Virginian Literary Society.
The "Davis Silver Cup" went to the class of 1908.
The Inter-Society award, $90, went as follows:
To the Virginian Society $55.00
To the Erosophian Society 35.00
TO BE AWARDED,— SESSION OF 1906-'07.
1. The "Grade Prize," $5.00 in gold, to be awarded to the pupil
who makes the highest general average for the year 1906-'07, whose
conduct is above question, and whose attendance has been first-class,
that is, there are to be no absences from any class unless excused by
102 MARSHALL COLLEGE
2. The "Cochran Prize," a $10 gold piece, to the student who
makes the most progress in the Department of Expression and whose
work has been the most satisfactory for the entire year.
3. Five Dollars to the student in the Department of Expression
who recites best "The Death of Sidney Carton" (Tale of Two Cities, —
Dickens). Only students taking regular work in this department will
be admitted to the contest for this prize.
4. The "Mozart Prize," $5.00 in gold, to be awarded to the best
all-round music student for attendance, punctuality, decorum, progress
in music studies, application, practice, etc. This is open to all depart-
ments of music, but only to those taking music the entire year, "full
5. The "Crumrine Prize," $15.00, for excellence in playing the
classics, piano, open only to students in the piano department. This
prize will be awarded in the form of payment in full for tuition in
the piano department, for the spring term.
6. The "Beethoven Prize," $10.00 in gold, for the best examina-
tion, written or oral, in the "History of Music and the Biogra-
phy of Musicians," open only to students of the music department, to
all divisions of it, piano, organ, band, violin, voice, etc., but only to
those taking music the entire year, "full time." This prize will not
be awarded unless there be at least five contestants for it.
7. The "Raphael Prize," $10.00 in gold, for the best piece of
work in colors, Art Department. This offer is made only to those
taking regular work in art, and the work must all be done in the col-
lege studio. This piece of work must be on a card not less than
18 x 24 inches, or if of different dimensions, then of this area, and the
color part must not be less than 12x18 inches or its equivalent in
8. To the student of art who produces the second best piece in
color, size same as the preceding one, an award of $5.00 in gold will
be offered. This will be known as the "Rembrandt Prize." This piece
must also be painted in the college studio.
9. The "Inter-Society Contest Awards," $90.00 in all, for piano,
recitation, essay, oration, and debate.
10. The "Jordan Prize," a $5.00 gold piece, to be awarded the
most successful student in the Greek division of the ancient language
11. The "Furnell Wreath," to go to the literary society winning
the larger portion of the $90.00 awarded at each annual inter-society
12. The "Davis Cup," to go to the "class base ball team" that
comes off champion in the inter-class games.
Awards Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9 will not be made unless the proper
spirit of competition is shown, and unless the efforts come up tQ
proper standards of excellence.
MARSHALL COLLEGE 103
Two Scholarships, one of $45.00 and one of $55.00 will be awarded,
the former to a member of the junior class, the latter to a member of
the senior class. These will be awarded sometime in April of each
year. The basis on which these scholarships are to be awarded will
cover the following points:
Habits of study.
Attendance and punctuality.
If at any time two members of the senior class rank above any
member of the junior on these six points both awards may go to the
senior class, and the opposite may occur.
These two scholarships are offered in memory of Mrs. L. J.
Corbly, and will be known as the "Mrs. L. J. Corbly Scholarships."
It was at first intended to offer one $100.00 scholarship, but after
advising with others it was decided better to let two worthy young
people benefit by the offer instead of one.
Up to the opening of the fall term, 1896, the literary organizations
of the school were divided on the basis of sex, one for the ladies, —
the HYPERION,— and one for the gentlemen,— the EROSOPHIAN.
This arrangement did not prove entirely satisfactory in a co-edu-
cational school and shortly after the opening of school in September,
1896, a movement was set on foot for reorganizing the literary
societies, which resulted in the formation of just one society for both
sexes, the name of which, the VIRGINIAN, was chosen from a list
submitted by the principal of the school.
But it soon became evident that this did not meet all demands,
especially to the ambitious. Differences arose, and were magnified
into dissentions, and dissentions led to factions, one of which, under
the brilliant leadership of that very remarkable young man, only in
his early 'teens, Henry Deitz, withdrew from the Virginian society
in the fall of 1897 and formed a new society, also co-educational, which
took the name of one of the old societies out of which the Virginian
was formed, the EROSOPHIAN, and this move put matters in a nor-
mal condtion, both sexes in each, each on an equal footing every way,
and hence ready for "battle" in due form.
It was then that the principal encouraged the "annual inter-
society contest" which was immediately arranged for, he offering
awards to the amount of $50, to replenish the treasury of the winning
society, four contestants to be selected from each society, immediately
after the opening of the winter term, the selections to be made by
the societies: One for debate, one for oration, one for essay, and one
for recitation, the $50.00 to be divided as follows: Debate, $20, oration
$15, essay 10, recitation $5.
There being no society rooms or halls at that time the enterpris-
ing young people used recitation rooms till the opening of the winter
Y. W. C. A. AND Y. M. C. A. OFFICERS.
MARSHALL COLLEGE 105
term, 1900, when new halls in the new 1899 section of the buildings
were turned over to them, since which time the societies have been
handsomly and comfortably housed in halls of their own.
The first annual contest came off at the June commencement of
Beginning with the June commencement, 1905, the amount for
awards in these contests was raised from $50 to $90 and the new
feature of the contest between two pianists was added to the list of
exercises, the $90 going as follows: Debate $40, oration $20, essay
$15, recitation $10, piano $5.
Beginning with the 1904 contest two debaters from each society,
instead of one, were selected, and the exercises occupied two nights
to avoid unduly tiring the audience; debate one night (since piano
was added, debate and piano), and oration, essay, and recitation the
It is scarcely necessary to add that these annual contests are
among the most intersting of commenceemnt week.
EROSOPHIAN LITERARY SOCIETY: This society has its hall
on the 2nd floor of the 1899 building. The dimensions of the hall are
41 x 36 x 14 feet. It is neatly carpeted, beautifully papered, and is
furnished with nice chairs, secretary's desk, debaters' tables, presi-
dent's table and chair, and other necessary equipments. On its walls
are some good pictures, one a beautiful painting of Psyche, 3x5 feet,
painted by Prof. E. E. Myers of the art department and purchased by
the society for $50. There are 6 wall brackets for gas jets, and four
four-light chandeliers, making a total of 22 gas jets for lighting the
hall. There is a piano in the hall for use by the society. All furni-
ture and furnishings were paid for by the society except the plumbing
and the piano.
VIRGINIAN LITERARY SOCIETY: This society has its hall on
the 3rd floor of the 1899 building, dimensions 41 x 36 x 12 feet. Like
the other hall it too is neatly carpeted, handsomely papered, furnished
with nice chairs, debaters' tables, secretary's desk, president's table
and chair, wall pictures, 6 wall brackets and four four-light chande-
liers, furnishing a total of 22 gas jets. There is a piano in this hall
also. As in the case of the other society, all furniture and furnishings
except the plumbing and the piano were paid for by the society.
There is no feature of the life and character of the school that is
of greater value to it than these literary organizations.
ZETA RHO EPSILON: A society open to those who have com-
pleted a minimum of one term's work in Greek at Marshall College,
was organized in September, 1905. Its chapter roll in June, 1906,
numbered 46. It is a social organization, designed to foster among
106 MARSHALL COLLEGE.
its members the true college spirit, and to advance the interests of
the Greek department. It is not a secret organization or a "fra-
ternity" in the technical sense. At its first annual banquet, May 25,
1906, 30 were present. Its colors are old gold and black. ■
THE YOUNG WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION was or-
ganized in the fall of 1903 and has grown gradually and substantially
since that time. The meetings are held in the parlors of College
Hall, 4:30 to 5:30 p. m. on Sunday. The first half hour of the service
is Bible-class work and is under the instruction of a lady member
of the faculty. (Miss Rider served during most of the year). The
last half hour is given up to devotional exercises and is under the
direction of a member of the organization, who must be a student
of the school.
The influence of the Y. W. C. A. on the life and discipline of
College Hall has been something remarkable, and its good effects
have permeated the life of the entire school.
THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION was organized
in January, 1905, and immediately took rank as an important feature
of school life at Marshall College. Eighty-five were enrolled during-
the year and the interest shown exceeded the hopes of those who
figured in the organization. In every way it has been a success, and
has added an influence altogether wholesome to the work of the
THE YOUNG MEN'S BIBLE CLASS seems to us an extremely
valuable auxilliary to the school work here. Its relation on the one
hand to the Christian life of the student body, and on the other to
the literary and historical attainments of our young men, cannot but
prove in every way useful and wholesome.
This work is separated into two divisions and placed under the
instruction of two of the gentlemen members of the faculty, (during
the past year under Professors Franklin and Fitzgerald). To encour-
age this work quite an amount of expensive and valuable literature
has been placed at the disposal of this and the Y. W. C. A. during
the session of 1905-'06, among which is the new Jewish Cyclopedia, 12
volumes, costing $96.
The Y. M. C. A. work proper and the Young Men's Bible Classes
are entirely distinct organizations.
Most of the counties, especially those having larger delegations
MARSHALL COLLEGE 107
here, have their own organizations, elect officers, and are beginning
to take an active part in the student life and discipline of the school,
to the decided relief of the principal. Some of them take an active
and exceedingly valuable part in the field work of the school to the
great relief of the principal as well as to his extreme delight.
SOME ADVANTAGES AT MARSHALL.
SCHOOL BUILDINGS: These are located In the center of the
school grounds on an elevation of about 20 feet above the surround-
ing streets, overlooking the entire grounds, a wide area of the city,
the Ohio hills on the north, and the West Virginia hills on the south.
With the addition of the new building our school edifice now
consists of a series of five buildings solidly connected, a continuous
hallway extending from one end to the other.
The buildings have their main frontage on Third avenue and on
The Third avenue or north frontage is about 400 feet In length,
and faces the Ohio river, two blocks distant, with the fine range of
hills that fringe its banks on the Ohio side.
The Sixteenth street or west frontage is 140 feet in length, facing
the main part of the city.
The secondary frontages are the College avenue or south front,
400 feet, and the Seventeenth street or east front, 55 feet.
The two eastern sections of the buildings, composed of three
wings, 26 x 55 feet, 40 x 70 feet, and 40 x 73 feet, compose the ladies'
dormitory sections known as College Hall. Between these and the
other sections there is a heavy brick wall with no openings in it
above the first floor.
The three western sections are given up exclusively to school
work. These are, respectively, beginning with the most eastern,
70 x 78, 55 x 84, and 101 x 140 feet. All have been built since 1897, one
excepted, and that one was thoroughly overhauled . inside and out in
1899, thus making the entire series new and up-to-date, in their ap-
SCHOOL GROUNDS: The school grounds, located between
Third avenue on the north and College avenue on the south, and
between Sixteenth street on the west and Seventeenth street on the
MARSHALL COLLEGE 109
east, two city blocks in length and one and one-half blocks in width,
contain even sixteen acres of land, for which nature has done as
much, perhaps, as for any school grounds of their size in the United
States, toward adapting them for the purpose for which they have
been appropriated. The elevated center, seemingly intended to re-
ceive some royal palace, extends from within 200 feet of the west
end, where the summit of the somewhat abrupt but extremely grace-
ful incline from the Sixteenth street level is crowned with a large
widespreading beech and some smaller trees ten to twelve inches in
diameter, eastward 600 feet where it terminates in a deep terrace
thirty feet high, which terrace serves as the west bank of a deep
ravine. This ravine, or brooklet, enters the grounds at the south-
east corner and winds its way in deep, graceful curves north-west-
ward through the grounds, lined throughout its course with noble
trees varying in diameter from ten to thirty inches. It is the beau-
tiful curving of the deep banks of this brooklet, fringed with stately
trees and covered with verdure, especially at its north-western portion,
that Dr. Goss, of Cincinnati, thought the most beautiful spot he had
ever seen on a College campus. This brooklet, with an arm extending
eastward and covered with over fifty trees, forms the eastern
boundary of the elevated center of the campus referred to above.
Beyond the ravine and about twenty feet lower than the elongated
elevation of the center, to the eastward, are the young men's athletic
grounds, about four acres, and almost entirely level. The northern
or Third avenue frontage descends by a steep, carefully cultivated
terrace some twenty feet from the high central portion, and from the
foot of the terrace to Third avenue it is nearly entirely level. On this
portion are the main entrance, (a brick walk twelve feet wide),
fifteen of the finest old trees, the croquet court, and one of the tennis
courts. To the south of the rise extending east and west through
the center, the grounds slope gently to College avenue, this section
being a little wider than the northern frontage. The drive-way
enters from College avenue, about the middle from east to west, comes
at right angles to the buildings, curves gracefully around the large
sycamore at the immediate south of College Hall, and retraces itself.
The eastern portion of the south side is given up to the girls' basket
Besides over 100 small trees, chiefly sugar maple, planted within
the last five years, and the shrubbery scattered over the Third avenue
front, there are the following trees: Pawpaw 1, unnamed 1, cherry 1,
mulberry 1, weeping mulberry 2, ash 3, locust 3, poplar 3, sugar 4,
walnut 4, gum 6, oak 11, beech 23, lombardy poplar 25, sycamore 36,
elm 67; total 182, more than 100 of which are large trees, and few
of the 182 are less than eight to ten inches in diameter.
Paralleling the longer dimensions of the grounds, (the eastern-
Western dimension), and but two city blocks to the north, Js tb§
110 MARSHALL COLLEGE
Ohio river; one block nearer on the same side is the B. & O.
Railway, and bounding the northern front is Third avenue, 100 feet
wide, on which is the Camden Interstate Railway, (electric), connect-
ing the College with all parts of the city, with Guyandotte four miles
to the east, Central City four miles west, Ceredo eight miles west,
Kenova ten miles, Catlettsburg, Ky., twelve miles, Clyffeside Park
with its beautiful groves and beautiful lake, fourteen miles, Ashland,
Ky., sixteen miles and Ironton, Ohio, twenty-one miles west, students
from which centers and from the intermediate smaller towns landing
from this, one of the finest electric roads in the United States, at the
very gate of the College. This electric line brings Marshall College
in immediate connection with the homes of about 75,000 people.
To the opposite side of the grounds, (the College avenue or south
side) and three blocks distant, is the C. & O. Railway, and but one
and one-half blocks distant is the Sixth avenue branch of the Camden
LECTURES: A first-class lecture course is given every winter,
including lectures by some of the best speakers in the country and
several musical numbers by leading artists. We consider this an
especially fine feature of school life at Marshall. From this source
alone there is quite an education for young people which cannot be
had in smaller towns and schools. i
LITERARY SOCIETIES: The beenfit to be derived from this
source can scarcely be appreciated by one who has not had these op-
portunities, or has not availed himself of them. This is a very im-
portant part of one's education.
For a description of these societies at Marshall, see under the
heading, Student Organizations, Part XIII.
LIBRARY AND READING-ROOM: This, beyond question, is the
strongest advantage a good school has to offer, (excepting alone the
faculty), over schools that do not have good libraries, for nothing
except good, strong, well-educated, college-trained teachers is so im-
portant in one's education, as a fine collection of books.
Nobody who knows what a good library is has ever visited and
examined the library of Marshall College who has not been "struck"
with the fine assortment of books found in it; and when they have
learned how these books were selected they at once understand why
the collection is a rarely good one.
There are about seven thousand volumes in the collection besides
a large number of valuable pamphlets, maps, etc.
The new building contains admirable library quarters, a suite of
rooms of about 36 x 75 feet in floor area, which will be furnished with
every convenience needed by the students.
MARSHALL COLLEGE 111
The library is catalogued by the Dewey system and is in charge
of a trained and exceptionally kind and capable librarian.
THE READING ROOMS are regarded an essential part of the
library, their purpose being to afford opportunity for reading and
reference work in the library proper, also to give the students access
to the finest magazines published, a very fine list of which is placed
on the tables of our Reading Rooms as will be seen by the following:
Magazines and Other Periodicals Found on the Tables of the Marshall
College Reading Rooms:
1. Amer. Journal of Psychology
2. Amer. Journal of Sociology
3. Amer. School Board Journal
4. Atlantic Monthly
5. Bird Lore
6. Birds and Nature
7. Bookman (British)
8. Bookman (American)
9. Bookseller (British)
11. Colliers Weekly
13. Country Life in America
15. Current Literature
17. Die Woche
18. Dun's Review
19. Edinburg Review (British)
20. Educational Review
22. Everybody's Magazine
23. Floral Life
24. Fortnightly Review (British)
26. Good Housekeeping
27. Harper's Bazaar
28. Harper's Monthly
29. Harper's Weekly
31. International Journal of Ethics
32. Journal of Geography
33. Journal of Geology
34. Journal of Pedagogy
112 MARSHALL COLLEGE
35. Ladies Home Journal
36. Library Journal
37. Literary Digest
40. Musical Courier :
44. Nation (German)
45. National Geographical Magazine
46. Nature Study
47. N. Y. Teachers' Monograph
48. Nineteenth Century (British)
49. North American Review
52. Poet Lore *
53. Political Science Quarterly
54. Popular Astronomy
55. Popular Science Monthly
56. Psychological Review
57. Public Opinion (American)
58. Public Opinion (British)
59. Review of Reviews (American)
60. Review of Reviews (British)
61. Saturday Evening Post
62. Scientific American
65. Teachers' College Record
67. World's Events
68. World's Work
69. World Today
70. Youth's Companion
76. Six Daily Newspapers
96. Twenty Weekly Newspapers
LABORATORIES AND APPARATUS: The practical teacher,
especially in history, geography, the sciences, Latin, and Greek, knows
very well the difference between teaching with and without apparatus
such as maps, charts, casts, etc., and the science teacher realizes at
once how poorly almost any science is taught without a laboratory.
The student, too, who has seen the difference feels that science teack*
CHAMPION INTER-CI^ASS (1908) BASE BALI. TEAM
MARSHALL COLLEGE 113
ing without laboratory facilities is not science at all, but the theory
In planning the new building, we have diligently looked after this
feature for the future. In the new structure is one work laboratory
28 x 32, and another 28 x 60. In addition to these there are a geogra-
phy, physical geography, geology, astronomy, and botany laboratory
and museum, with cases for keeping all specimens labeled, classified
and in order, and a physiology and zoology laboratory and museum.
Our already large collection of fine maps for the history, geog-
raphy, Latin, Greek, and other classes is to be added to and the col-
lection nicely housed and classified.
Several hundred geological specimens have been selected and will
be ready for placing in the cases as soon as the new building is
Indeed the new building with its ample space is destined to revo-
lutionize the work in science at Marshall College, and several other
lines of work will be greatly improved because of new facilities.
INSTRUCTORS AND INSTRUCTION: At last the instructor, his
character, his culture, his scholarship, his sympathy with his stu-
dents, his interest in his work and in them, his enthusiasm, his
pedagogical skill and training, his experience, his devotion to his
work, his ability to do work as well as insist upon it, his qualifications
for his particular kind of work, to do thoroughly well the work he is
expected to have his students do, his measure in scholarship above and
beyond the things he teaches, all these are, in the last analysis, the
test of a school. Unless there is broad, liberal college training cov-
ering some years brought by the teacher to bear upon his class work
there is no genuine progress.
Scholarship we do insist upon at Marshall, and with it experience
and skill. We have not always gotten it but mistakes will always be
made while man remains human. Each year we insist on strengthen-
ing our faculty, and year by year it has been strengthened.
The reader is welcome to refer to the list of instructors with
their experience and training as recorded in the first part of this
catalogue, and if they do not stand the test, then come not to Mar-
shall, for good, well educated instructors are indispensable to the
education of youth. No instruction can be gotten out of an instructor,
which was never gotten into him, no matter what the process be,
whether pumping or probing. It is simply impossible. So, see to it
carefully, kind reader, before going to or sending to a school, that
the instructor is a thoroughly educated lady or gentleman.
SUMMER SESSION: Immediately after the close of each "ten
months" session a summer session is opened, thus giving those who
are teaching seven to nine months, and those who have work to make
114 MARSHALL COLLEGE
up in order to hold their places in their classes, opportunity to gain
time. Some of our students save one to two years' time in their
course by taking the work of the summer session, credit for all which
is given on graduation. This session is five weeks, or half a term, in
length; students carry half as many studies as during a full term
and do twice the amount of work per day in each, thus coming out
with full terms work in what they do.
SPECIAL ADVANTAGES TO TEACHERS: The "Training De-
partment for Teachers" is now thoroughly established, the Model
school includes all grades from the "first primary" to the "high
school," and practice work is given also in high school work, thus
covering practice work for teachers from the lowest to the highest
grades of the public schools, whether in the country, village, town or
The advantages offered teachers and prospective teachers in
the way of meeting with other teachers from every part of the state
and from many parts of other states is one that is very valuable.
These, plus the advantages named above and those named below,
make this school especially attractive and helpful to teachers.
ATHLETICS: Outdoor athletics have already begun to receive
that attention which young people in school should give them both for
the good of the students, physically, and for the school's good name
for encouraging exercise among its student body. A large number of
the students have begun to show a lively interest in athletics and
each year a larger number identify themselves with the active work
therein. And now that the school is to have a good gymnasium, oppor-
tunity will be given all students for exercise in the stormiest and
rainest weather, whether in winter or in summer.
SOCIAL OPPORTUNITIES: This feature of school life is of very
much greater importance than the average young person, or the
average parent for that matter, is apt to suppose. The student that
goes through with his higher education without paying careful atten-
tion, very careful attention to the social side of his culture, neglects
one of the essentials of education.
These things are supposed to belong to girls and women only.
What a mistake! Young men are failing to "measure up" to hun-
dreds of good positions every year solely because of their lack of good
address, of self possession, of ease and self-command in the presence
of strangers, of appearing to advantage "under pressure." Man is by
nature the most social of animals — if he be a normal man, — and every
year the social requirements of men and women for any position in
life grow more exacting.
At school is the place of all places that one's social life should
MARSHALL COLLEGE 115
be developed, and this cannot be done without opportunity and time.
The size and location of Marshall College make the advantages
of social life especially good here, and these opportunities are not
over-rated nor overdone as they are in "fashionable schools," schools
where the social is about the only thing emphasized.
RELIGIOUS OPPORTUNITIES: In Huntington and in Marshall
College these are especially good. In the city are thirteen churches
for white people; Two M. E. churches, two M. E. South, two Baptist,
one Christian, one Jewish, one Congregational, one Catholic, one
United Brethren, one Episcopal, and one Presbyterian.
All these are especially cordial in their welcome to students of
the college, and in practically all the church choirs are found one or
more students. Hundreds of them attend the Sunday Schools of the
city, a number of classes being composed exclusively of students;
and every year a number of church socials are given especially for
the students, where they meet the church people and learn to feel at
home among them.
In the college are the two Christian organizations, — the Y. M. C.
A. and the Y. W. C. A., — which have their own religious exercises In
the college; also the student's Bible Study classes. These organiza-
tions are open to students only and have grown to be strong influ-
ences for good in our college life here.
The Christian spirit throughout the entire school is of an excep-
tionally high class, — solid, substantial, high-toned, and not merely a
passing sentimentalism born of church prejudice or of inherited super-
stitutions which are dignified with the term "beliefs."
FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES: The opportunities for earning a
part or all their expenses, as well as the many ways in which students
may economize, constitute one of the attractions of this school for
young people. Such opportunities are very limited, of course, in
smaller towns; but Huntington has grown large enough to furnish
those who wish something to do to help pay their expenses, some
kind of employment.
Quite a number of our students pay all or a part of their expenses
by engaging in some kind of employment here, either during the
school year, or during vacation. Several of these do their work as
assistant janitors, others find employment in the city.
HOSPITALS: There are three hospitals in the city, — the C. & O.
Hospital, the Huntington Hospital, and the Kessler Hospital.
Only those who have had to be severely ill away from home can
fully appreciate the value of a hospital with its appointments and
equipments suited for caring for the sick and the injured. The value
of kind, trained nurses and skilled physicians means much to those
116 MARSHALL COLLEGE
who are severely ill away from home, and a number of our students
can testify to these as advantages of a rare kind.
TRAVELING FACILITIES: The city is reached by three rail-
roads direct, and two others unite with Huntington railroads within
eight miles of our city and make immediate connections. These, with
the Ohio river, make our school city one of the most easily accessible
points in the state.
TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE: There are two telegraph com-
panies and two telephone companies with foreign connections reach-
ing every part of our state, of the United States for that matter, all
which are connected with the college, the 'phones directly, the tele-
graph companies by telephone from their city offices to the college,
so that parents and friends may reach students here at any time
during the day and till late at night.
SOME ADVANTAGES OF A CITY: Carefully, even critically,
have we watched and studied the relative advantages of city and of
small town or village, on the life and work of a school. We have taught
in both places and attended college in both places. We have talked
with many men and women, both in and out of school on this subject.
The following are the results of this study:
1. The small town with its unlicensed saloons ("speak-easies"),
or even the town into which intoxicants are smuggled (and that
means practically all so-called "dry" towns), is worse cursed with
drinking and drunkenness among the students than the larger place
with its open, licensed saloons; and we are of opinion it will remain
so so long as there is a whiskey plant or a saloon to supply the sneak
drinker and smuggler of intoxicants in the smaller places. This is
no argument for the saloon, but a statement based upon observation
for years which has for its point in a temperance way the theory
that the effective stroke at intemperance is the stroke that puts the
saloon and the speak-easy out of business by putting the whiskey,
rum, and beer plant out of existence; if the latter cannot be done,
then regulation and not destruction seems to us the solution of the
2. In the smaller places the school's affairs and business are
entirely too much the town's affairs and the town's business. Gossip
and mischief-making between the school and the town become the
order, and the bane of the teacher's and principal's or president's life.
In the larger place the life of the school is a thing apart and in-
dependent of the city, — though a part of it by individual assimiliation,
here and there, at so many points and these so far removed from the
heart of the school, that unpleasant reactions are virtually unknown.
The healthful influence of a good teacher counts for more on his
MARSHALL COLLEGE 117
students in a large place than in a small one, because the school life
is more completely an independent and individual entity where the
city is so much larger than the school that it is independent of it as
a civic entity.
This view, carried to its logical completeness, however, requires
the dormitory feature.
3. The advantages for culture and refinement in a city much
more than offset the boasted advantages of quiet and seclusion in
4. We grant that the city has its vile quarters or sections, but
observation teaches us that many scarlet women housed in a particu-
lar quarter of a city, which quarter cannot be approached day or night
without suspicion and danger of publicity, exert a less baleful influ-
ence over men, young or old, than few or even one such person who
has made herself notorious in a small place and is subject for com-
ment on all sides.
On the whole the city seems to us the more desirable place for
an institution, for many reasons besides those named, and our con-
victions are drawn from sources other than self-interest.
EXPENSES: Beyond question the facilities for cheap board and
for means of earning a part or all of one's expenses are much better
in a city than are possible in smaller places, as are also the oppor-
tunities for purchases.
True, there are more ways to spend money in a city; but even
that is matter easily regulated by the parent; and if the student have
plenty of funds of his own he will spend them, if a spendthrift, no
matter where he is, and will save them if economic, no matter
whether in city or country. This fact has been clearly demonstrated
in our experience and observations with young people.
After several years of tireless effort, patience, pains, time in a
liberal measure, and good management on the part of the Athletic
Committee, this branch of college life and college study — for college
athletics is a study — has begun to take place alongside other branches
of school work — for athletics is work too — at Marshall College.
The new gymnasium supplies a long and seriously-felt want in our
college life and will be enjoyed to the utmost, especially during the
months when outdoor athletics are out of the question. A floor area
of 45x65 feet affords ample space and the room is to be fitted with
all of the appliances found in any modern school gymnasium.
A physical instructor will be provided for the girls and hereafter
they will have regular drill.
TENNIS: This is one of the finest games yet brought forward,
especially for ladies and for men who prefer the moderate forms of
exercise. It is as modest as any one could desire, requiring no
special dress, though long skirts are much in the way. It combines
in very good proportions the out-door feature, vigor, ready judgment,
alternation among players, and an air of the popular. There are two
nice courts on the campus and these are very liberally used. Every
girl should play tennis as an intellectual game which combines the
physical in excellent ratio, yielding fine results.
CROQUET: There is one croquet court on the campus, which
serves quite well the taste of all whose likes for outdoor sport can
be satisfied with as little of the vigorous as this game requires. It is
very popular with some students.
FOOTBALL: The athletic association for the season of 1905
secured the services of Coach Alfred McCray, former captain of the
MARSHALL COLLEGE 119
University of Cincinnati football team. A strong squad was organ-
ized from the material at hand. All local and nearby competitors
were easily defeated. In the intercollegiate games Marshall lost to
Kentucky State College and Miami University but won from Ohio
University. The expenses for the season amounted to twelve hundred
BASEBALL: Interest in baseball at Marshall during the season
just ended centered in the class championship series, which was won
by the class of 1908, the trophy awarded being the Davis Athletic
Cup. Four classes competed and the rivalry proved intense. The
school squad numbered about fifty candidates.
THEIR EXPERIENCE, AND PREPARATION FOR WORK.
L. J. CORBLY, Principal, — German and. Psychology.
Educated in the common schools of West Virginia, Fairmont State
Normal School, the West Virginia University, where he graduated in
1890, and at the German Universities of Halle, and Berlin. Taught five
years in country schools, three years principal of town schools, Super-
intendent of schools, Water Valley, Miss., two years, Superintendent
of schools, Clarksburg, W. Va., three years, and ten years in present
position. Spent four summers in European travel. Has taught 180
MRS. NAOMI EVERETT, First Assistant,— Literature and French.
Educated in the common schools of North Carolina, Tennessee, Steu-
ben ville Seminary, and the University of Chicago, where she took her
degree in 1902. Principal of the high schools of Clarksburg and Hunt-
ington 16 years, in her present position nine years. Has taught 254
months. Mrs. Everett has traveled in Europe.
MISS ANNA CUMMINGS, Superintendent of the Training Department.
Educated in the common schools of Massachusetts, in Colby Univer-
sity, University of Chicago, and Leland Stanford University, Cal.
Took her degrees from Colby University, Maine. Teacher in private
schools, high schools, academies, Moody's School for Boys, Mt. Vernon,
Mass., Lady Principal of Vermont Academy, Vermont, and six years
special training for her present position. Miss Cummings is a native
of Vermont, later a resident of Massachusetts. She has traveled in
Europe. Has taught 156 months.
MISS LILIAN HACKNEY, Mathematics.
Educated in the common schools of West Virginia, W. Va. University,
where she graduated in 1893, at the Ohio Wesleyan University, and
Cornell University. Taught in the schools of her native county (Mon-
ongalia), city schools of Cleveland, Ohio, and in her present position
since 1895, total 145 months. She has traveled in Europe.
MR. W. M. MEREDITH, Science.,
Educated in the common schools of Virginia, Emory and Henry Col-
lege, Virginia, University of W. Va., and Ada, Ohio. Taught several
years in the common schools of Virginia, principal of schools at
Lewisburg, W. Va., and in his present position since 1898, a total of
149 months. Mr. Meredith spent the summer of 1903 in European
MISS HARRIET D. JOHNSON, Greek and Latin.
Educated in the common schools of W. Va. and Ohio, Denison Uni-
versity, Ohio, where she took her degree, and the University of Chi-
cago. Instructor in Shepherds town State Normal eight years, and in
her present position since 1902, a total of 120 months. Miss Johnson
spent the summer of 1903 traveling in Europe,
MARSHALL COLLEGE 121
MR. J. A. FITZGERALD, Mathematics.
Educated in the common schools of W. Va., Marshall College and
Georgetown University, Ky., where he took his degree. Principal of
the Hurricane schools one year and in his present position since 1902.
Has taught in all, 50 months.
MR. GEORGE M. FORD, History and Civics.
Educated in the common schools of W. Va., and at the University of
W. Va., both academic and department of law, where he took his de-
grees. Taught in the common schools of W. Va., in the Grafton high
school, and three years as principal of the Concord Branch of the
State Normal School; elected to his present position in June, 1903.
Has taught 100 months.
MR. B. F. WILLIAMSON, Latin.
Educated in the common schools of W. Va., Buckhannon Seminary,
and at Alleghany College, Pa., where he took his degree. Has taught 49
months. Has been in present position two years.
MR. R. J. LARGENT, English and History.
Educated in the common schools of W. Va., and at the University of
W. Va., where he spent six years and took his degree. Elected to
his present positon, January, 1904. Has taught 26 months.
MRS. FRANCES CALDWELL, English and Mathematics.
Educated in the schools of West Virginia and of Kentucky, in which
latter State she did her college work. Has taught in the common
schools, in the Charleston City Schools, in the Concord Branch of the
State Normal, and two years in Marshall College.
MISS FRANCES BURGESS, Political and Physical Geography.
Educated in the common schools of West Virginia, Marshall College
(graduated here), W. Va. University and the University of Chicago.
Taught 12 months in the country schools of Kanawha county, W. Va.,
12 months in the St. Albans grammar school, three years in the Hunt-
ington high school, and ten years as principal of the Holderrjy school,
of this city, a building of fourteen rooms, a total of 148 months. Miss
Burgess is attending school at the University of Chicago this Summer.
Has held her present position two years.
MISS VIRGINIA RIDER, English Grammar.
Educated in the common schools of West Virginia, in the Buckhan-
non Seminary, where she also taught, and in Alleghany College. She
has taught 16 months in Marshall College.
MR. W. H. FRANKLIN, English and German.
Educated in the common schools of West Virginia, graduate of the
Buckhannon Seminary, also of Allegheny College where he took his A.
B. degree. Has taught in the common schools and two years in the
Clarksburg High School as instructor in Greek and German.
Graduate of Marshall College. Has taught 45 months.
MISS DELIA BRAKE, Grammar.
i Graduate of West Virginia Conference Seminary. Has taught 50
E. E. MYERS, Art.
Educated in the schools of Ohio and Pennsylvania, and trained for his
profession in the Art Schools at Pittsburg, Cincinnati, New York and
Boston. Called to his present position in 1902. Taught several years,
and connected with the Abbott Art Company of Huntington for five
years. Lecturer at the Tri-State Chautauqua, on art, summer session
122 MARSHALL COLLEGE
MISS GRACE CUM MINGS, Normal Music.
Pupil of Boston Conservatory of Music.
MISS VERGIE JOHNSON, Grades V, VI.
Trained at Marshall College. Has taught 35 months.
MISS ELIZABETH FERGUSON, Grades III, IV.
Graduate of Columbus High School. Trained at Marshall College.
Has taught 30 months.
MISS MINNIE OGDEN, Grade II.
Trained at Marshall College. Has taught 20 months.
MISS EVA HEIRONIMUS, Grade I.
Educated in Ohio. Trained at Marshall College. Has taught 20 months.
MISS DAINTY CRAIG, Art.
Educated in the Marshall College Art School and at Knoxville, Tenn.
MISS HELEN TUFTS, Music.
Educated at Marshall College.
MISS ESTHER CROOKS, Assistant In French.
Graduate of Marshall College.
MRS. C. E. HAWORTH, Voice.
Educated under private tutors in New York and Boston, the best in-
structors in voice that could be had. Has taught several years. Mrs.
Ha worth is a Springfield, Mass., lady, has had liberal training and
experience as teacher, and has taught four years in Marshall College.
MISS RHODA CRUMRINE, Piano and Harmony.
A graduate of the University School of Music, where she taught one
year before coming to Marshall College. A native West Virginian of
German descent. She has held her position since September, 1903.
MISS MARY SHARP, Assistant in Piano.
Received her training under private instructors and in Marshall Col-
lege. Called to her present position in the fall of 1904.
MISS HELEN RANDALL, Second Assistant in Piano.
Received musical education at Marshall College.
MRS. BERTHA ROTH WALBURN, Violin. •
Studied under Jose Marien, Belgian violinist, in the College of Music,
Cincinnati, also theory in the same school, six years, graduating in
1902. Taught in same institution awhile, later three years in Knox-
ville, Tenn., and in Huntington, W. Va.
MISS LUCIE BROWN.
Graduate of Univrsity School of Oratory. Has taught 20 months.
MRS. ELIZABETH MYERS, Librarian and Manager of the College Book
Educated in private schools of Richmond, Va., and Chatham Institute,
Va. Trained for her present work in the Dewey system of catalogu-
ing and handling a library, under the state librarian of Pennsylvania.
Mrs. Myers could not be called a member of the faculty in a strict
sense of the word, though her time is nearly all given up to work for
the students, assisting and directing them in their references and
reading; and it is doubtful if any member of the faculty has heavier
or more responsible duties.
STUDENTS NAMES— 978.
Cox, Alberta — '05
Crooks, Esther — '05
Davidson, Joe — '05
Enslow, Sadie — '03
Cottrill, D. L.
Dadisman, I. L.
Edwards, L. A.
Abbott, A. B.— A
Adams, Pearl — N
Alvis, Sadie — A
Beswick, Addie — A
Bloss, Hazel — A
Bossinger, Ruth — A
Broadwater, C. L. — N
Bryant, V. A.— N
Callison, Gertrude — A
Canterbury, Frances — A
Carter, Edna — N
Clarke, Hallie— N
Cokeley, Roscoe — N
Crummett, Mahala — N
Davies, Edith — N
Davis, Talmage — N
Deem, Carroll — N
Dixon, Sadie— N
Erwin, Anna — N
Evans, Gorgia — N
Everett, R. T.— N
Fielder, Maude — N
Fitzgerald, Boyce — A
Foley, Bessie — '03
Gibson, Anna — '04
Harshbarger, Maud — '05
Miller, Blanche— '04
CLASS OF 1906.
Furnell, W. W.
Groves, H. D.
Lively, E. L.
CLASS OF 1907.
Fitzgerald, Sallie — N
Foster, Olive — A
Gerlach, Earl B.— A
Goff, W. R.— N
Gorrell, Gretta — N
Grass, Frank— >N
Hoover, L. G. — A
Hambrick, Vada, — A
Hawley, John L. — N
Haebrle, Anna — N
Hen son, Waldo C. — N
Howard, Mary E. — N
Pluff, Ethel— N
Jackson, Ethel — N
Johnson, Virgie — N
Koontz, A. B.— A
Lambert, J. W. — A
Lambert, Thomas — N
Larew, Genevieve — N
Lee, C. F.— N
Lilly, Cecil— A
McNeer, Thomas — A
Miller, Vida— N
Note: N — Normal.
A — Academic.
Nichols, Clara — '05
Porter, Dorothy — '02
Senseney, Nelle — '02
Smith, W. A.
Thomas, T. C.
Van Bibber, Cyrus
Morrow, Lester — A
Patterson, Sulla — A
Penhale, Harry E. — A
Price, Kathleen — N
Point, Walter— A
Robinson, Shirley — A
Rodes, Bertha — N
Rodes, Olive — N
Sharp, S. H.— N
Shumate, Gaston — A
Smith, Hazel— N
Swentzell, Harriett — N
Tench, Daisy — N
Torrance, Andrew — A
Tufts, Helen— N
Vass, W. T.— A
Waddell, Ethel— A
Wade, Charlotte — N
Wheat, S. S.— A
Wilson, Maude — A
Wolverton, W. R.— N
Wolverton, H. W.— N
Abbott, J. H.
Adams, Morton M.
Adams, P. B.
Adkins, Mabel C.
Adkins, F. B.
Adkins, O. M.
Allen, Ora May
Archer, J. R.
Archer, Mrs. R. A.
Anderson, Ollie M.
Atkinson, Ollie E.
Aliff, C. A.
Armstrong, Ira F.
Atkinson, Allie -
Ash, E. C.
Baker, Edgar L.
Ball, Sybil M.
Ball, C. D.
Brown, Anna B.
Biggs, Mrs. Samuel
Biggs, R. W.
Beavers, D. W.
Beavers, Robert D.
Boiarsky, Anna S.
Bobbitt, O. B.
Bobbitt, R. H.
Bradley, S. Ernest
Brown, John W.
Buchanan, Wm. H. Jr.
Blake, H. S.
Ballard, R. H.
Bradford, J. B.
Blankenship, D. H.
Baldwin, Lottie V.
Bias, Goldie M.
Bromley, Pearl T.
Burton, Judith V.
Boon, Mrs. J. R.
Byus, C. A.
Boggs, R. W.
Bradford, J. B.
Brackman, J. A.
Bonham, G. A.
Boggs, E. T.
Caldwell, Mrs. F. B.
Callaway, Richard R.
Callaway, S. M.
Carr, De Witt
Carr, Lola B.
Clark, Malan H.
Clarke, Harry M.
Clark, Grover F.
Clark, Hattie A.
Chambers, Inez L.
Chambers, Cush C.
Conley, Frank M.
Connell, E. P.
Copley, Luther C.
Crotty, L. B.
Clifford, C. E.
Carroll, Madie E.
Core, Anna Lee
Corbly, Effie M.
Cottle, Ollie A.
Craft, Bessie A.
Criser, Mary S.
Caughey, Mary Lapsley
Cassady, Maude Lee
Curfman, E. R.
Clonch, M. Eva
Calhoon, Mrs. Louise
Cook, J. E.
Custer, Lizzie K.
Colter, J. E.
Claypool, R. H.
Craig, Dainty E.
Clay, S. E.
Davis, Nannie E.
Davis, Cornelius C.
Davis, John R.
Dils, Norma C.
De Foe, Effie
Dixon, Clayton C.
Dickey, T. Morton
Dillon, Harry B.
Dunn, C. O.
Diddle, Raymond L.
Diddle, Carroll F.
Daubenspeck, H. R.
Earle, Thos. B.
Earles, Ada M.
Elkins, Ethel M.
Efaw, M. H.
Ensign, May N.
Eskey, Willie A.
Eskey, Minnie L.
Ensign, Mrs. John
Finney, Roy J.
Foster, Willie D.
Foster, John J.
Fox, St. Elmo
Fitzgerald, Thos. J.
Feamster, Lula M.
Folks, Mary W.
Fravel, J. S.
Fonner, Jas. T.
Fink, A. Roy
Garred, David O.
Gibson, Omar J.
Grimm, Mrs. M. J.
Guthrie, Herbert 33.
Gabbart, W. T.
Goolsby, Myrtle Lee
Gwinn, Mabel I.
Garner, Mary E.
Grass, Delia D.
Given, Ida S.
Gwinn, Clarence E.
Hamilton, Grover C.
Harless, Floyd H.
Hayslip, Edwin K.
Hickman, James H.
Hedrick, G. C.
Hartzell, O. S.
Heizer, F. P.
Hager, Ira P.
Harless, L. D.
Harless, J. D.
Hedrick, C. C.
Halstead, Lettie L.
Hamilton, Frances L.
Hanger, Mattie C.
Hanger, Annie M.
Harrah, Elsie G.
Henkle, Ada J.
Holliday, Mary Louise
Howard, Mary Ella
Hannah, Belva M.
Hume, B. P.
Heller, Wm. C.
Holley, J. Maude
Hannah, Lucy P.
Hannah, Mary F.
Haught, W. P.
Hively, G. L.
Holliday, Mrs. Lulu
Haudenschild, J. W.
Ironie. H. C.
Irwin, Emma L.
Isner, G. F.
Jones, Anna M.
Justice, T. F.
James, Reuben E.
Jewett, Fay E.
Johnson, Ollie K. .
Johnson, Mrs. Edith
Justice, Ella B.
Jenkins, J. A.
Justice, L. C.
Justice, J. I.
Kennedy. John D.
Kimler, J. R.
Keenan, Gladys L.
Kelley, Katherine B.
Knight, B. W.
Keith, T. W.
Knapp, A. L.
Lemley, Fern L.
Le Sage, Frank
Le Sage, Douvel
Le Sage, Ruth
Le Sage, Lucile
Le Sage, Josephine
Leonard, J. W.
Lively, L. G.
Lester, Norma E.
Lusk, Lydia E.
Lester, Mrs. F. W.
Lynch, W. M.
Lowry, Elmer F.
Maxwell, Myron P.
Miller, C. C.
Miller, E. T.
Miller, Stacia F.
Myer, Hazel V.
Means, Mrs. Laura
Meadows, Maude E.
Menager, Francis P.
Mullens, Elbert R.
Mathews, Robt. Peebles
Moore. D. F.
Moore, Bessie K.
Moore, W. J.
Morris, Unas. C.
Mounts, A. J.
Marshall, T. R.
Moyers, E. D.
Montgomery, C. S.
Murphy, M. L.
Mason, T. N.
Mace, Guy C.
Murphy, Jas. D.
McKenzie, Nora A.
McCary, Amos D.
McWilliams, Walter B.
McColm, Harry L.
McColm, Nellie K.
Mclntyre, L. P.
McKay, F. M.
McCormick, B. T.
Newman, Blanche I.
Newman, Nellie P.
Nicholas, Mark G.
Northcott, Mrs. E.
Notter, Shirley M.
Newlon, Anna L.
Osborne, Bernard R.
Ogden, Dorcas V.
Ogden, Minnie M.
Patterson, R. G.
Payne, Lewis H.
Peyton, James E.
Peyton, Sarah M.
Prill iman, W. H.
Pyles, H. C.
Pitzer, Cyrus D.
Parsons, Lettie B.
Pritchard, Cyrus D.
Pine, Lyda S.
Pine, Rebecca S.
Prilleman, W. A.
Robinson, J. B. Jr.
Ruckman, J. K.
Reynolds, Lonnie H.
Rice, C. O.
Riite, Azel F.
Riffe, Winton A.
Reid, Leroy M.
Rousey, Fitzhugh L.
Ramsey, Chando B.
Rollyson, Bertha M.
Richardson, Will A.
Ratcliffe, Anna Louise
Ramsey, I. S.
Reynolds. Florence H.
Ryan, W. L.
Regnaud, Chas. G.
Robinson. H. L.
Ryan, P. E.
Smith, M. F.
Smith, Cora A.
Smith, Florence M.
Scales, Myral M.
Scott. Chas. E.
Sheets, Otis H.
Shumway, Wayne W.
Simmons, Goodrich K.
Spangler, A. C.
Spangler, R. C.
Spruce. Wm. A.
Swan, Rufus W.
Sayles, Frank H.
Sharp, J. W.
Sanborn, Fay T.
Snndige. Eva F.
Sheets, Bessie M.
Silling, Lillian A.
Silling, Anna G.
Skeer, Wilma B.
Spurlock, Lenore J.
Sowards, Mrs. H. G.
Spangler, Mary L.
Total number of students— -978.
Sharp, Mary E.
Schlobohm. R. E. L.
Snell, Charles W.
Sshoonover, C. R.
Settle, H. W.
Sprigg, Georgia P.
Stackhouse, Mrs. M. C.
Steele, Robt. M.
Talbott, Chas. R.
Thompson. Roma G.
Tompkins, H. P.
Topping, John R:
Tompson, R. N. B.
Turner, George D.
Thomas, A. R.
Turley, Mrs. Ota
Turney, Emma Belle
Van Meter, Rebecca
Van Fleet, Nettie
Van Reenan, Lloyd
Walton, B. W.
White, Annie L.
Withrow, S. H.
West, C. W.
Woodyard, Mrs. S. T.
White, Jas. R.
Wilson, Anna L.
Wilson, Hattie B.
Ward, Edward S.
Wilkinson, Earl D.
Willis, John T.
E. Wills, W. Howard
Walls, Russell E.
Welker, G. D.
White, Lucy Carter
Wells, Mary J.
Walker, C. G.
Withrow, C. T.
Waugh, Bessie A.
Walton, Grace M.
Williams, Annie N.
Williamson, May Alice
Winters, Mary W.
Womeldorf, Lissa E.
Yoakum, J. T.
3 0112 105821141